Winter is the perfect time for injury. Even the most cautious and self-confident can easily find themselves in an unpleasant situation. It is possible and necessary to protect yourself in the cold season! And how, we will tell you in today’s article.
I associate winter not only with the New Year, sledges and snow. It is also ice, frostbite, chapped lips, icy limbs, crazy children on the slides, and always a couple of experimenters, whose tongue stuck to an iron pillar.
We’ve prepared a complete winter safety guide for you. Now it will be much easier to cope with annoying incidents.
This is the first reason everyone suffers. When the sidewalk turns into a skating rink, the main rule for pedestrians is to wear comfortable shoes! If the heel is stable. In a shoe store, buy ice shoes, special devices with metal spikes. Manufacturers produce them in different sizes, including for children. They will help you get to your destination without incident.
In an emergency, use an adhesive plaster along the sole.
Take your time, you need to move carefully, stepping on the entire sole. Remember, the car is a hundred times harder to stop in icy conditions than it is for you.
Learn to fall correctly: when you slip, sit down a little, so the height of the fall will decrease and the impact will soften. At the time of squatting, group and fall not on your butt, but on your side.
A bag with long handles is a common cause of falls. It does not allow you to maintain balance when the person slipped and pulls him down.
Fell and hurt?
If the fall happened, the main thing is not to panic. Assess the situation soberly, determine where and what hurts. If you feel pain or tinnitus, do not hesitate to call for help and go to the emergency room. Traumatic brain injury or concussion is fraught with dangerous consequences, and most people neglect the first symptoms. When you are called for help, never refuse. You too may find yourself in a similar situation.
If the child falls, proceed as follows: first and foremost, calm down and take him to a safe place. Ask him to show what he hit, where it hurts more. If you had a headbutt or a stomach ache, call an ambulance. In these cases, go to the emergency room, even if the child is doing well.
When you suspect a severe bruise or a possible fracture, do not take off your clothes or apply a splint. Call an ambulance, no one needs frostbite or hypothermia. Observe your child during the day after the injury. If pain persists, nausea or vomiting occurs, this is a reason to see a doctor.
Despite the well-known fact, it is popular to stick to metal posts in the cold at any age. Do not laugh at the victim, but calm down and help to free himself. Do not jerk a metal object or a child under any circumstances!
It’s great if you have warm tea or coffee with you. Fill your tongue with warm liquid and it will come off. If nothing is suitable, put your palms to your mouth and exhale warm air as close to the point of contact as possible. Ask the glued one to do the same.
If in a panic attack a person jerked and a tear was formed, the first thing to do is to stop the bleeding. Tilt your head down to prevent blood flowing down your throat. Use a piece of cloth or hand to lightly press the wound site. If the blood does not stop – go to the hospital immediately!
Frost in winter is an axiom. Contrary to popular belief, frostbite can occur even at temperatures close to zero. Humid air and cold winds with light frost can cause significant damage to exposed parts of the body. Most often, the nose, hands, ears are affected.
Before going outside, use a special winter cream, which should be applied 20 minutes before going out. Don’t forget the hat, scarf and mittens. Don’t lick your lips in the cold. Use chapstick to keep them from flaking.
A great way to get cold and frostbite is to wear tight clothes, shoes, gloves. Do not spend all day in winter shoes in a warm room. Your feet will sweat and your shoes will become wet. When you go outside, you will quickly freeze. It is better to change shoes indoors.
Excessive layers of clothing only worsen the situation. During movement, the body emits heat and moisture, the excess of which will create discomfort. For active kids, think about thermal underwear, which wicks away moisture, and outerwear, which keeps you warm. The time of woolen shawls and overalls on sheepskin is long gone.
If you notice that your child’s gloves or shoes are wet, take him to a warm room. Hypothermia occurs faster in children than in adults.
Remember: under no circumstances should you warm frostbitten areas with hot water! Snow rubbing will only make things worse. Hands or feet should be placed in lukewarm water. A warm water compress should be applied to the frostbitten area of the body. After rubbing the skin until slightly reddened. If sensitivity does not recover more than 3 hours after rewarming, swelling or blisters appear, consult a doctor.
Winter fun is a lot of fun. But, before using sledges or skis, make sure they are in good working order and remember the safety rules for children in winter. On big descents, be sure to use a helmet. Do not lose sight of the child when he rolls himself. There is no need to build a steam locomotive from a sleigh and allow jumping over trampolines. This can lead to injury.
Limit your time in freezing air. Occasionally go indoors with your children to keep warm. Take care of warm drinks and extra mittens.
Always take your child out of the sleigh when crossing the road. Pass by the hand, or carry it in your arms.
When passing multi-storey buildings, try not to go close to the walls. Avoid any accumulations of snow and ice hanging from roofs or trees. Don’t let children jump into a snowdrift. Stones, household waste, holes, open pipes and fittings can be hidden under a layer of snow.
A separate conversation should be held with children who like to try snow or ice.
In winter, it is better to avoid rivers and lakes. It is not safe to go out on the ice alone. A few minutes of joy and confidence in one hundred percent luck are not worth a human life.
If going out on the ice is forced and inevitable, explain to your child that you cannot jump and knock on the ice, these are the main safety rules on reservoirs in winter. Do not play games on ice, and skate only on specially equipped areas.
Oddly enough, but a significant part of the injuries occur during the New Year holidays. Refrain from drunken walks around the city and do not drive.
At the holiday, do not allow children to blow up firecrackers, fireworks, and petards on their own. If you don’t know how, I’m not sure about the quality of the pyrotechnics, it’s better not to do it at all. When planning to light sparklers or candles, do not dress children in clothing made of highly flammable materials.
Still, winter remains a wonderful time of the year. But you should always be smart about admiring it and preparing for the holidays. The main rule is double attention and increased caution!