Hypoglycemia – low blood sugar – is a very common disease among diabetics. Hypoglycemia occurs when the amount of glucose in the blood is too low to support the normal functioning of the human body. For most people, normal glucose levels are around 70 milligrams per deciliter. Hypoglycemia can cause both short-term and long-term complications. Learn about its main signs in order to start treatment on time.
Decreased blood sugar: 10 symptoms
Scientists and doctors say that among patients with type 2 diabetes, hypoglycemia is too common. Low blood sugar is especially common among those who take insulin.
As you know, low blood sugar can cause short-term complications, such as confusion or dizziness, as well as more serious long-term complications. Pay attention to the following warning signs of low blood sugar to keep the situation under control at all times.
An insatiable feeling of hunger
If after eating you do not feel full, or even feel hungry, these are signals from your body that you do not have enough glucose.
When your glucose levels are too low, your body signals your adrenal glands to start releasing the hormone epheferin (adrenaline). An excess of this hormone creates an “adrenaline rush” that can cause feelings of anxiety.
Nocturnal hypoglycemia is very common, causing some sleep disturbances. Symptoms include sweating, nightmares, sudden episodes of awakening, feelings of anxiety and confusion upon awakening. A light snack before bed can help reduce the frequency and severity of sleep disturbances.
Chills and shivering
The central nervous system malfunctions when glucose levels are out of balance. As a result, catecholamines, chemicals that stimulate glucose production, are released, producing these symptoms.
Mood swings and sudden emotional outbursts that are not indicative of your behavior are neurological symptoms of hypoglycemia. They may include irrational emotional outbursts, occasional or hysterical crying, uncontrollable anger, and a strong desire to be alone. Mild mood changes, which may not be as severe as general irritability and dissatisfaction, are the first signal of low blood sugar levels.
A symptom controlled by the autonomic nervous system (the part of the central nervous system that also regulates the skin) is one of the first signs of hypoglycemia. Excessive sweating occurs for no apparent reason, no matter how high or low the outside temperature is.
Dizziness and recklessness
Low blood sugar can also lead to fainting, so if you feel like you are starting to pass out, sit down or lie down immediately, including to avoid injury.
Because the brain is especially sensitive to low glucose levels, you may experience feelings of confusion and an inability to concentrate.
A drop in blood sugar also causes blurry or double vision.
Your sugar-starved brain may not be able to detect changes in speech, but others will. To others, you may sound like you’re drunk, even though you didn’t drink a drop.
If the disease is not treated on time, it can lead to a state of coma or even death. Prevention of hypoglycemia and its side effects is possible only with constant monitoring of glucose levels and treatment of low blood sugar levels as soon as you feel the first symptoms of the disease.