The issue of tick activity is extremely relevant with the arrival of spring. A number of regions in the country are traditionally considered endemic for ticks. Also, don’t forget that they carry infections. The most famous are borreliosis, or Lyme disease, and tick-borne encephalitis. Despite the familiar names, it is important to remember that such infections are extremely dangerous both from the point of view of the potential disability of a person, and from the point of view of possible deaths.
There are already reports in the news that the ticks have woken up and have begun to show activity. In this regard, many people only know that it is advisable to remove the tick from oneself and pass it to the laboratory for analysis. At the same time, modern medicine offers certain first aid measures that must be taken after a tick bite to prevent negative reactions.
“If a person has visited a dangerous area from the point of view of ticks (such are usually known, and maps of potentially dangerous places are published in the media all the time) and is faced with the fact that he has been bitten by a tick, then he must be vaccinated. In such a situation, an immunoglobulin is placed, and according to a certain scheme: it should be delivered within 72 hours from the moment the tick is removed. If later, then it no longer makes sense, since the immunoglobulin will not work, “says allergist-immunologist Gulnoza Abdullaeva…
Why immunoglobulin? Because it is a special protein produced by the immune system in response to the invasion of the body by foreign pathogenic microorganisms. It must neutralize the tick-borne encephalitis virus. This means that if you find a tick on yourself, you should not delay, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Do not forget about the skin manifestations of the bite. “If a person has visited a dangerous area in terms of the activity of tick-carriers, he got a bite, and the place where the tick sucked, swollen, he is prescribed drugs based on two active substances: amoxicillin and doxycycline for prevention,” says the immunologist. Such drugs are prescribed by a doctor, self-medication, of course, should not be. The specialist will offer the best courses and dosages.
Naturally, the immunologist emphasizes, it is necessary to take the tick to the laboratory for research. Moreover, today almost all laboratories can carry out such a check.
The incubation period, as the immunologist says, can last from 10 days until the first symptoms appear, even up to 1 month.
How to remove a tick correctly
Again, despite the fact that many sources tell you how to properly remove a tick from yourself, people often underestimate the importance of the procedure and perform it incorrectly.
“Of course, this is best done with tweezers, taking care not to damage the proboscis. If paws remain, it’s not so scary, but you must try to get the proboscis without fail. After getting it out, put it in a container by adding a cotton swab or cotton pad soaked in water. If this is not done, the material will dry out and it will be difficult for a laboratory assistant to work with it, ”says Gulnoza Abdullaeva.
Special attention should be paid to the treatment of the bite site. There may be a small ichor, a small dot that resembles a mosquito bite may be seen, perhaps a proboscis may be seen. “In any case, the area of the bite is treated with alcohol, alcohol-containing preparations, antiseptics. If there was a ichor or a proboscis is visible, that is, there is not just an entrance focus, but also if the bite site is slightly swollen, the affected area should be treated with an iodine solution, ”says the immunologist.
Tick removal safety
Also, do not forget that the person who removed the tick must be wearing gloves, notes Gulnoza Abdullaeva. “If he was not wearing gloves, then his hands must be washed with soap and then treated with peroxide. If there are no tweezers, the tick should be removed only with gloves, ”says the immunologist.
As for vaccinations for prevention, today in Russia there are several options that can be given even to children.