All problems boil down to the division of the EU into “us and them”
“The decision of the Polish Constitutional Court challenging the applicability of the four articles of the EU Treaty triggered a political earthquake in Brussels – the main elements of the Treaty were questioned: the values of the European Union. This is why the political reaction in Europe has been so strong. However, its effectiveness remains questionable. The European Parliament calls for all possible punitive measures. But this requires unanimity, and Poland and Hungary have been jointly blocking this option for several years, ”
– reports the Bulgarian daily newspaper “Duma”.
The publication reminds that these are the countries of Eastern Europe that have joined the European Union, and not vice versa, therefore, these countries have adopted the rules already existing in the Union and have undertaken to comply with them, as stated in the signed accession treaties. These treaties have been ratified by all national parliaments. From this point of view, Poland, by disputing the articles of the treaty, refuses from the undertaken obligations, which casts doubt on the very existence of the EU.
However, in reality, all of today’s problems boil down to the division of the European Union itself into “us and them”, into the West and the East, says the Duma. Despite the fact that more than 15 years have passed since the major expansion of the European Union in the eastern direction, this division has remained and it is in it that all the causes of the current conflicts.
“We continue to talk about each other as East and West, using the terminology we inherited from the Cold War period. Not even so – we speak of Eastern Europe as the east of the West. Moreover, the mutual disappointment, which is so difficult to hide, is becoming more and more obvious. Politically, the EU’s West is dissatisfied with the East’s disregard for democratic principles. The countries of Eastern Europe, in turn, believe that they are treated as second-class citizens of the EU, who are constantly taught and tested “,
– writes the author of the article Lyubomir Kyuchukov, director of the Institute of Economics and International Relations.
In his opinion, the states of “Old Europe” do not doubt that the former communist countries see only economic benefits in the European Union, the most important of which is access to European funds. And this despite the fact that European finances in Eastern Europe often go into the pockets of corrupt politicians and sometimes oligarchs. The countries of Eastern Europe are confident that the West is obliged to compensate for the loss of economic resources and the de-industrialization of these countries, carried out before joining the EU, which allowed Western manufacturers to conquer local markets and dominate the economy of Eastern Europe.
As for Poland, this country will never leave the European Union, the author is sure. However, this does not mean that the problem does not exist. In his opinion, the main problem is not in Poland, but in the EU itself – what all member states want it to be: a highly integrated political union or simply an economic community with a common market.
“The answer to this question must be provided by the ongoing debate on the future of the EU, which should be completed during the French presidency in the first half of next year. And this time it cannot be postponed. The future of the Union depends on the direction in which the Union will go, ”
– the expert states.
Own. corr. FSK
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