Oct 2, 2021
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Drone trucks are being tested in the north

Testing of unmanned technologies for the transportation of goods has begun in the Khanty-Mansiysk District. Gazprom Neft is already using drones based on the Gazelle vehicle. Heavy trucks and helicopters are now being tested.

A column of unmanned Kamaz trucks is approaching the 65th site of the Yuzhno-Priobskoye oil field. Three cars are going at once. The driver is the first to drive. The rest – exactly copy his route. Thus, one person delivers three or even five times more cargo.

They don’t care about the arctic cold. The drone trucks have already been tested in Yamal – they have driven almost three thousand kilometers along the so-called “winter roads”, an icy road. In a blizzard, the electronically controlled Kamaz trucks did not deviate even half a meter from their assigned route.

“A drone sees much better than a human. Plus, we save a little on fuel. There is no need to warm up the cars, stand idle – warm up the cabin,” said Oleg Egorov, Program Manager for New Technologies at Gazpromneft-Supply

Small loads, such as tools, food or medical masks, are delivered to oil fields around the clock with such electric vehicles. They also go without drivers. Gazprom Neft is the first Russian company to use unmanned freight transport on a daily basis. Launching through a special application. At the same time, the automation is ready for emergency situations. If, for example, a deer runs out onto the road, the system that builds a digital map of the area using laser scanning will immediately react and the unmanned Gazelle will stop. As if the driver had pressed the brake.

“She sees road signs. Moreover, she knows how to process them and edit a digital map in accordance with the requirements of the legislation, under the requirements of traffic rules,” says Aydar Akhmatdinov, project manager of Gazpromneft-Supply.

Remotely, in two clicks, they literally launch an unmanned helicopter at the Yuzhno-Priobskoye field in the Khanty-Mansiysk region. With a load of up to one hundred kilograms, it will rise to a height of three kilometers. And even in the taiga it will not get lost – inside there is a satellite navigation system. In fact, like a navigator for the car. This means that you can calculate in minutes when the helicopter will deliver the cargo without a pilot and return back to this point.

Delivery of goods within a radius of more than 100 kilometers from the take-off point, in poor visibility conditions, when it is foggy, rain or snow, and even at night, because oil workers work around the clock. Such a drone is extremely necessary in the Far North. In the off-season, those same “winter roads” turn into impassable swamps.

“If we talk about our region and its total area, a large number of hard-to-reach territories, and a large area of ​​these territories, then this kind of technology will simply help out to a large extent the economy, and what is extremely important – a completely different level of security. , – says Natalya Komarova, Governor of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Ugra.

The mobile drone helicopter can be launched directly from the warehouse. Such delivery is up to four times faster and more profitable than a conventional manned cargo helicopter, where only a full load is profitable. But every hour is important to the addressee at the facility.

“Maybe a car whose spare part has broken down. Or the planned use of a spare part for a wellbore. During the drilling process, you need some kind of technological tool to speed up the drilling process itself and a technologist, realizing that he needs an additional tool, spare part or equipment, he can call this car for himself, and it will fly to him faster and make it possible to complete the project faster, to extract oil faster, “says Dmitry Potapov, General Director of Gazpromneft-Snabzhenie.

And this drone helps to take inventory of the warehouse. Cope with it in a few hours. It will take a person a week. The 3D fitting room is also part of the “smart warehouse”. The system selects the size of the workwear in 30 seconds.

“If we talk about drones or about the Isource-logistics system. We have two such warehouses. One is here in Khanty-Mansiysk, the second is in Moscow. This is the same thing. logistics centers, to develop unmanned technologies, to build technology centers for difficult oil. The most important story, as they say now, is investment attractiveness, “says Alexander Dybal, a member of the Gazprom Neft Management Board.

Here, personnel are trained using new technologies. In the so-called “experience center”. Where even the theory of occupational safety comes to life in an interactive format. A similar center “Gazprom Neft” is already preparing to open in Tyumen.

Evgeniya Petrukhina

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