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Nov 23, 2021
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Dermatitis: Everything About You

Dermatitis: Everything About You

“Scratch my back, dear!” If a wife pesters her husband with such requests, then it’s time to buy her another bra. Most likely, she is allergic to his clasps – the so-called “bra syndrome.” This is one of the many manifestations of allergic contact dermatitis – a skin reaction to contact with a wide variety of substances.

SIX CAUSES OF CONTACT DERMATITIS

Medications Antibiotics – penicillin, chloramphenicol and sulfanilamide preparations in the form of ointments, for example, oxolinic ointment, with which many are saved from viral infections, as well as in antibacterial soaps (solid and liquid) and powders. The most popular is streptocide powder: it is used for angina, stomatitis, inflamed wounds and cuts.

Use these products only as directed by your doctor. To protect against viruses, lubricate wounds, sores in the mouth, nasal mucosa with Vitaon or sea buckthorn oil – they do not cause allergies.

clothing Detergent residues, dyes, antistatic agents, blue stains, woolen threads and lint, rubber, polymers, synthetic fibers irritate the skin, make it red and itch. This reaction is activated by the temperature factor and humidity. As soon as a woman goes out into the cold in tights with lycra, and a man sweats a lot in a synthetic turtleneck or woolen sweater, contact dermatitis makes itself felt.

Dress for the weather with a preference for natural fabrics.

Priceless metals They pierced the granddaughter’s ears, and the lobes were swollen, reddened, began to hurt, itch, a yellowish ichor appeared on them, hardening with crusts. You think that you have brought an infection, and you treat the inflamed surface with alcohol, brilliant green, iodine. Don’t do this to avoid aggravating contact dermatitis!

In the alloy from which earrings and other jewelry are made, jewelers add chromium and nickel. They are more likely to cause trouble to people than other metals. There is even a “Nickel Directive” of the European Union, which limits the content of this metal in items that are in contact with the skin for a long time (jewelry, clothing items, watches, eyeglass frames, etc.).

Wear crosses or jewelry only made of precious metals – silver, gold, platinum. They do not cause allergies. Have you decided to buy jewelry? Make sure it is marked “Nickel and Chrome Free”.

Are you allergic to watches, but are you sorry to part with them? Wear them over a sleeve or a circular strip of dense fabric to keep the skin out of contact with the allergen.

Be careful with coins – they are smelted from nickel. The European Commission has not figured out what to do with the nickel-plated euro, which causes contact dermatitis in tens of thousands of Europeans.

Clasps, zippers, buckles, buttons, nickel and chrome hooks must not come into contact with your skin. Wear cotton underwear or buy clothing with plastic fittings.

Professional factorsCement, varnish, paint, ink containing chromium. Glue, plastic, exotic wood.

Entrust the repair work to professionals who know how to protect themselves from contact with allergens and harmful substances.

Household chemicalsDetergents and cleaners for dishes, windows, tiles, sinks, a toilet bowl, polish for varnished surfaces pose a certain danger, but the most troublesome thing is washing powder.

Use baby powder and a fully-closed automatic washing machine. Add powder while wearing gloves. Best of all, ditch the powder in favor of liquid detergents or special detergent pads.

CosmeticsCosmetics and skin care products are the most common cause of facial dermatitis. Allergic contact dermatitis from cosmetics occurs in 2-5% of people (usually women), but this figure reaches 40% when it comes only to facial skin lesions. Among the components of cosmetics, undesirable reactions are most often caused by antibacterial drugs, fragrances, preservatives, dyes, chemical UV filters and herbal extracts.

In total, more than 3700 chemical compounds have been identified that can cause contact daermatitis. Skin redness, itching, swelling, and rash recur after each repeated contact with the allergen. Allergies often develop to several substances at once, especially cosmetic or medicinal ones. Many of these products have similar chemical ingredients, and replacing one topical product with another does not prevent dermatitis from recurring.

At the very first manifestations of contact dermatitis, get rid of the cosmetics that provoked it, and henceforth buy only the one that has the mark “Does not cause allergies”.

HOW TO HELP YOURSELF

At the first manifestations of contact dermatitis, take the latest generation of allergy medicine: loratadine (claritin), terfenadine, astemizole, cetirizine, acrivastine, ebastine, fexofenadine and others.

Jewelry, coins, keys, buttons, hooks, clasps, spectacle frames, watch cases leave bright marks on sensitive skin. If such a reaction occurs at least once, eliminate its cause – sew in a plastic zipper, get rid of the allergenic chain, go to lenses or wear glasses framed by their plastic.

Dermatitis has not gone away in 2-3 days? See your doctor. He will prescribe you an external remedy with glucocorticosteroids – hormones that quickly (literally after several applications) eliminate the effects of skin allergies. These drugs usually come in two forms. The first is a cream: it is used in the acute period of contact dermatitis on wet and weeping surfaces. The second is an ointment: it is applied to dry, flaky areas with thickened skin.

We usually try to squeeze more of the product out of the tube so that it works faster and more confidently. You can not do it this way! The cream and ointment must be applied correctly – as described in the instructions for the preparation: in a thin layer 1-2 times a day until the desired effect is obtained, but no longer than 4 weeks.

There is no need to explain to anyone what the desired effect should be. Everything is already visible in the mirror. Once your skin regains its healthy appearance, you will regain self-confidence as the face and other parts of the body will get rid of the redness, itching, rashes and other dermatological problems that we are all so shy about.

TEST FOR A SENSITIVE SKIN

Contact dermatitis loves to play hide and seek. You are convinced that you cannot tolerate synthetics, but in fact you react to the agent with which you washed a suspicious thing.

To clarify the diagnosis, perform a patch test. Apply a grain of washing powder to the skin or squeeze out a drop of liquid soap (a piece of cloth, a chain link, a little ointment) and cover with a plaster for 2-3 hours. Are there any manifestations of allergies? So everything is all right. Is your skin red and itchy? Eliminate the allergen from your routine.

Before using new cosmetics or hair dye, apply quite a bit – literally a drop on the skin of the inner side of the forearm and do not rinse for 24 hours. If after 24 hours the reaction does not appear, feel free to use a cosmetic product.

Inga Gerasimenko

Photo: Adobe stock

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