It’s no secret that most often they come to the dentist’s appointment when a tooth hurts. And this indicates serious problems in the dentition, the causes of which may be: caries, pulpitis, abscess, flux, gingivitis, periostitis, wedge-shaped defects, etc.
To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor conducts a visual and instrumental examination of the oral cavity, prescribes an X-ray examination.
The second most popular problem with teeth is their aesthetics:
- yellow teeth;
- chip or crack;
- absence of one or more dental units;
- crooked teeth;
- protruding upper or lower jaw.
Modern methods of teeth whitening can significantly lighten the enamel and achieve the desired whiteness shade. After such a procedure, for the prevention of hyperesthesia (hypersensitivity) of the teeth, it is recommended to undergo a course of remineralizing therapy.
Unfortunately, this method is not always effective in treating fluorosis. However, this problem with teeth is also solved by installing ceramic veneers or crowns.
Modern methods of artistic restoration of teeth allow you to effectively close the formed crack or build up a tooth if a piece breaks off from it.
The problem of the absence of one or more dental units is solved through prosthetics or implantation. For this, crowns, bridges or implants are used. Even if the patient is completely edentulous, it is possible to restore the dentition using the all-on-4 or all-on-6 implantation methods. However, if there is already atrophy of the jawbone tissue, then the patient is preliminarily performed osteoplasty.
Many dental problems are caused by dentoalveolar anomalies: a malocclusion creates favorable conditions for food to get stuck between the teeth, the formation of periodontal pockets, wedge-shaped defects, the development of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and caries. Therefore, it is so important to correct the bite in childhood, when it is relatively easy to do. However, at the present stage of development of orthodontics, this manipulation is effectively carried out in patients over 30, it just takes a little more time.
As a prophylaxis for dental problems, it is recommended to undergo regular check-ups at the dentist every 6 months, brush your teeth 2 times a day for 2-3 minutes and do not forget about the hygiene of the tongue. An excellent addition to your daily routine will be professional oral hygiene in the doctor’s office every six months or a year.