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Sep 21, 2022
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Cultivation of pepper using “lazy” technology

Cultivation of pepper using

Pepper can be grown without a lot of labor and time, without the use of complex fertilizers and pesticides, without special agricultural practices that take away ever-deficient time and effort from a “lazy” gardener. This is possible if you know a few important details.

  • The timing of sowing seeds for seedlings depends on the growing conditions of seedlings. If you have optimal conditions in terms of lighting (and these are, as a rule, southern windows, greenhouses, greenhouses, or additional illumination with fluorescent lamps), then sowing should be done in late March – early April. If you are growing seedlings on the western or eastern windows, then sow in late February – early March. The soil for seedlings should be taken more fertile than for tomatoes: add 1/3 of a bucket of old rotted manure and a glass of wood ash to a bucket of soddy land. Before sowing, it is advisable to soak the seeds in wet gauze (not in water!) For 2-3 days.
  • After the appearance of the first true leaf, the seedlings dive (seat) into separate pots. Mayonnaise and margarine jars are the best suited for pepper seedlings, because with a soil height of 5-6 cm, the seedlings are more stocky than with a height of 8-10 cm, which usually happens near the walls of the boxes.
  • During the cultivation of seedlings, it is advisable to make 2-3 top dressings with a mixed fertilizer solution. In part of the seedlings of early and mid-ripening varieties and hybrids, you can pinch the top over 5-6 leaves. The pinched seedlings of the week will stop growing for 2-3 weeks, which is very convenient: the seedlings will be small, conveniently transported, with better survival in the ground. And most importantly, what can be expected from seedlings grown in this way is a higher yield, because the bushes will begin to branch earlier, and the fruits are mainly formed precisely on the side shoots. True, the first fruits from plants whose seedlings have been pinched will be ready for consumption 10 days later, therefore we recommend pinching only part of the seedlings. From plants left without pinching, the first early fruits can be removed, and pinched ones will give a bountiful harvest later.
  • Peppers are planted at the same time as tomatoes: after June 10 – in open ground, in mid-May – under small-sized film shelters. Immediately after planting, mulch the ridge with peppers with a layer of 5-6 cm. The following can be used as mulch: humus, sawdust, finely chopped weeds, straw. Further care is watering.

And one more important recommendation. As soon as the fruit has grown to a normal size for this variety, immediately remove it. If the fruits are left to ripen, new ovaries will stop growing.

During the growing season, peppers are cut several times, shortening the longest shoots. Pruning achieves the absence of shaded branches and shoots from pepper. Nothing will grow on them anyway. Be sure to remove all processes below the main fork of the stem and branches inside the crown, as they are always shaded. Pruning is usually done once a week, after the fruit has been harvested.

To form a compact shrub with well-developed side shoots, remove the top of the main stem when the pepper plant reaches a height of 20-25 cm. Pinched plants will quickly begin to branch. Of all the shoots that have appeared, only 4-5 upper ones (stepchildren) are left, and the rest are removed. On the left shoots, a crop will form. At the same time, 20-25 fruits are left on pepper plants. You can not pinch, but remove the extra stepchildren.

So, growing sweet peppers, as you can see, is perhaps easier than tomatoes. Fertile soil, good varieties and seeds, reasonable sowing and planting times, watering and sunlight guarantee a harvest in any year.

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