Sep 9, 2021
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“Challenge to the unipolar world”: what issues are planned to be discussed by the heads of state at the BRICS summit

On September 9, a summit of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) will be held at the level of heads of state. In 2021, the informal association celebrated its 15th anniversary. Experts note that the site is of particular importance against the backdrop of the rapidly changing geopolitical situation in Central Asia and the situation in Afghanistan. One of the main topics of the forum will be security, analysts are sure.

The summit of the international BRICS group (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) will be held on September 9. In 2021, this informal association of countries celebrated its 15th anniversary. The summit at the level of the heads of the participating states will be held via videoconference, and will be chaired by India.

Earlier, the Kremlin announced its participation in the summit of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“On September 9, Russian President Vladimir Putin will take part in the XIII BRICS Summit, which will be held via videoconference under the Indian chairmanship,” the statement said.

The Kremlin stressed that the main agreements reached at the summit will be reflected in the final declaration.

The theme of the summit was announced as “15th Anniversary of BRICS: Five-way Cooperation of Countries in the Interest of Ensuring Continuity, Strengthening Interaction and the Principle of Consensus”.

India, which after Russia became the chairman of the group, has identified priority areas, including the fight against terrorism, sustainable development through the use of digital and technological tools, and strengthening humanitarian contacts.

According to the Indian Foreign Ministry, the leaders of the BRICS countries will also exchange views on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world situation and other current global and regional problems.

In addition, the heads of the BRICS states will consider the state and prospects of strategic partnership within the group, as well as discuss topical issues of the international and regional agenda, paying special attention to the situation in Afghanistan.

BRICS history

The acronym BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) was first used by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in an article where he identified four countries with the greatest potential for economic growth. The term became widespread among financiers, and in 2006 the Dow Jones Company created the BRIC-50 Index to invest in the shares of leading companies in these countries.

In 2006, at the initiative of the Russian side, the organizational structure of the BRIC was formed. Practical interaction of the group began in September 2006 on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly session in New York.

The first BRIC summit at the level of heads of state was held in 2009 in Yekaterinburg, after which the leaders of the countries participating in the group hold annual meetings. In 2011, the Republic of South Africa joined the group, after which it was named BRICS. According to the World Bank, the total area of ​​the countries of the union is approximately 30% of the land area of ​​the planet, and the population is 42% of the global population.

BRICS is an informal association of countries and therefore does not have a charter, a secretariat or other formal norms. Its purpose is to develop a pragmatic and open dialogue between the participants. At the same time, BRICS has a non-bloc nature and is not directed against third countries.

In addition to the meetings of the leaders of the countries of the group, BRICS holds negotiations at the level of foreign ministers, finance ministries and other relevant ministries, including secretaries of security councils. Thus, in August, the group held a meeting of high representatives of the BRICS countries in charge of security issues. Russia was represented by the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Nikolai Patrushev.

Within the BRICS, there are more than 20 formats of dialogue between the participating countries, including in such areas as climate change, poverty alleviation, food security, and others.

In 2015, the Pool of Foreign Exchange Reserves in the amount of $ 100 billion was created for use in emergency situations, as well as the BRICS Development Bank with a share capital of $ 100 billion.

World stabilization

In August, Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said that BRICS could play a stabilizing role in international relations. He said this at a meeting of representatives of the countries of the group on security issues.

“Our“ five ”provides convincing examples of effective work on pressing world problems based on the principles of openness, equality, mutual respect and the absence of a hidden agenda,” TASS quoted him as saying.

The Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation added that the BRICS are united by “recognition of the supremacy of international law and the coordinating role of the UN, rejection of interference in the internal affairs of independent states, readiness to defend their national interests uncompromisingly and treat with understanding the sovereign decisions of other players.”

“This makes interaction in the“ five ”format attractive for other states of the developing world that do not want to be drawn into a new global confrontation,” Nikolai Patrushev emphasized.

  • BRICS leaders during the 2018 summit
  • RIA News
  • © Alexey Nikolsky

In addition, Patrushev noted that the recent events in Afghanistan have shown the non-viability of the regimes established around the world by the West.

“An alarming trend is the further exacerbation of interstate contradictions, which are complicated by ideological confrontation. This is primarily about attempts to impose on our peoples ideals alien to them, which are trying to pass off as so-called universal democratic values. Just a week ago in Afghanistan we saw how viable the regimes that the West is trying to build around the world on their basis, ”stressed the Secretary of the RF Security Council.

Commenting on the upcoming summit in a conversation with RT, experts and political analysts noted that the dialogue in the BRICS format is gaining particular importance against the backdrop of a rapid change in the geopolitical stop in Central Asia.

“Such organizations as BRICS and CSTO are necessary, such platforms are extremely relevant when the security factor in different regions becomes especially important. Considering that the shameful withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan endangered the security of all surrounding countries, the importance of the BRICS in this case is growing many times over, because on this platform the ways to get out of the current situation will be discussed, ”political analyst Alexander Asafov explained in a commentary on RT.

Taking into account the fact that Russia, China and India are in close proximity or have a border with Afghanistan, in the context of current events, a summit at the level of heads of state is necessary, Asafov noted.

Alexander Domrin, professor at the HSE Faculty of Law, agreed with this assessment of the upcoming summit in an interview with RT.

“In general, the BRICS platform was created to reach new agreements, to develop new political approaches. After the failure of the United States in Afghanistan, this summit is of particular importance, because the new regime in Kabul is the subject of attention and concern for Russia, China and India. Therefore, it is natural to expect that Afghanistan will be one of the central topics, ”the expert emphasized.

The political scientist added that the emergence of such an association was a natural response to the policy of containment and pressure that the United States and other Western countries have pursued against third countries and regional powers over the past decades.

“It should be noted that the very creation of the BRICS is a challenge to the unipolar world that dominated after the collapse of the USSR. The fifteenth anniversary of the organization is a big, significant event for its members, interested observers and economic rivals, ”concluded Alexander Domrin.

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