It is always interesting to watch the speeches of the heads of state at the UN General Assembly, experts say. After all, this is a kind of report to the international community on the country's achievements, as well as setting tasks and putting forward initiatives that should make the world a better and safer place.
“It was in this vein that the performance President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the 75th session of the UN General Assembly. It reflects many issues related to political and socio-economic development, ensuring security and stability, fighting against existing threats, developing and strengthening bilateral and multilateral relations of Uzbekistan with other states, its special role in Central Asia ”- analyzes performance of one of the leaders Irina Zvyagelskaya, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, IMEMO RAS...
The head of Uzbekistan highlighted a complex of social problems that face both his country and all of humanity, says Irina Zvyagelskaya. Moreover, they require urgent and difficult decisions. “Mobilization of efforts is especially necessary now, when, according to Sh.M. Mirziyoyev, “the entire world community, all of us should be concerned about the“ voice of poverty ”, which sounds even stronger today. Our goal is to jointly form a fair global system that will ensure the fundamental rights and freedoms, health and well-being of every person, ”the President emphasizes.
The expert also notes that the problem of poverty is not new for Uzbekistan, which is connected both with objective reasons - more than half of the country's population is young, and with insufficient attention paid to the earlier development of the economy, education, health. “For the first time - and the President openly said this - Uzbekistan declares its determination to reduce poverty. It is no coincidence that important initiatives put forward by the President were the call to identify the issue of eradicating poverty and fighting poverty as one of the main topics of the General Assembly session, as well as to hold a Global Summit on these issues, ”says Irina Zvyagelskaya.
At the same time, the persistence of instability in different parts of the world, the growth of contradictions and violence, environmental disasters and other threats exacerbate the global problems of poverty and poverty.
Attention to them has become especially acute during a pandemic, the expert says. According to the World Bank, the world real GDP will decrease by 5.2% in 2020 (compared to 2019), while in the Middle East and North Africa the decline will be 4.2% of GDP, and in Europe and Central Asia - 4. 7% of GDP.
“Uzbekistan itself was seriously affected economically during the pandemic. As a result of the introduction of quarantine restrictions, 16.7 thousand of 72.5 thousand industrial enterprises suspended their activities. Thanks to the systematic work done, production was resumed at 16.6 thousand enterprises. Tashkent did not leave its Central Asian neighbors without help. He provided humanitarian support to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Aid to Tajikistan accounted for a third of the aid received by the country from all donors. The countries of the region in a difficult period for all worked out joint measures to combat the spread of infection, as well as to increase cooperation in trade, economic and transport and transit spheres, ”the professor notes.
The solution to the socio-economic problems of the Republic lies in the development of entrepreneurship and the creation of additional jobs, improving the investment climate and business environment, building modern infrastructure, teaching people new professions and skills, and providing targeted social assistance. “The experience of reforms in the economic sphere is already yielding results. In 2019, 93 thousand new business entities were created, which is almost 2 times more than in 2018. In the World Bank's Doing Business rating, Uzbekistan was ranked 8th among 190 countries in terms of business registration and was among the best reformers. The goal of Tashkent is to enter the category of developed states. The means to achieve this goal have been identified - accelerated reforms relying on science, education and innovation, ”says Irina Zvyagelskaya.
Enlightenment and education is a way to create new qualified personnel who will develop new directions in the economy and solve increasingly complex problems. Lack of knowledge impoverishes a person, deprives him of the opportunity to create, the expert notes. “The challenges facing Uzbekistan in this area are universal. They also affect highly developed states, where there is (perhaps on a smaller scale) both the problem of poverty and the problem of young people who are unable to compete in the modern employment market and are doomed to marginalization. An important initiative of Uzbekistan, which, in principle, goes along the same lines, was to support the promotion of the UN Convention on the Rights of Youth. Uzbekistan took into account the practical developments of the Samarkand Forum for Human Rights "Youth 2020: Global Solidarity, Sustainable Development and Human Rights." - says the professor.
The upbringing of personnel of a new formation with a strategic vision and deep knowledge is one of the priority state tasks of Uzbekistan. “In order to consistently continue and bring to a new level work on the development of science and education, educating our youth with individuals with deep knowledge, high culture and spirituality, the formation of a competitive economy,” the President of Uzbekistan announced 2020 as the Year of Science, Education and the Digital Economy.
Modernization of all spheres of society's life (while maintaining respect for traditions and history) is an urgent requirement of the times. “Uzbekistan, which has human capital, a tradition of enlightenment, a high culture, has every chance to make a quick leap into the future for the sake of a dignified life for all its citizens,” says Irina Zvyagelskaya.