Jun 24, 2022
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Baltic: Lithuania risks losing the Curonian Spit, Poland – the Baltic

In the photo: Curonian Spit.

In the photo: Curonian Spit. (Photo: Igor Zarembo/TASS)

The other day, Lithuania, at the direction of the European Commission, decided to limit rail freight between the Kaliningrad region and the main territory of Russia. And – without prior notice, warning about this in less than a day, but they were obliged to report at least five days in advance. And this time, the Russian authorities do not intend to put on the brakes the apparently unfriendly actions of their neighbors.

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov called the decision of the Lithuanian authorities illegal and unprecedented. According to him, the current situation will be analyzed in the coming days, after which measures will be taken. Which? Oh, here Russia has a great choice!

That is, they scare us, but we are not afraid. On the contrary, those who started this sanctions madness should be afraid. Because most of the states adjacent to Russia have been part of the Russian Empire or other states for centuries. So any encroachment on Russian territories is fraught with the loss of those that they used to consider their property. With regard to the Kaliningrad region and the border areas, we can talk about the Baltic and Curonian Spit, which Russia has every right to lay claim to.

For example, the Baltic Spit, a narrow strip of land separating the Kaliningrad Bay from the main part of the Gdansk Bay, now belongs partly to the Russian Federation, partly to Poland. But in 1756-1762, it was part of the Russian Empire, and then passed to Germany and was listed as German possessions until 1945.

The length of the spit is 65 km, of which 35 km in the northeast belong to Russia (the Baltic Spit of the Kaliningrad Region), the rest to Poland, the local name is the Vistula Spit. The width of this strip is 300–1800 m in the middle and southern parts and 8–9 km in the northern. There are beautiful sandy beaches and beautiful dunes.

The Curonian Spit, which is shared by Russia and Lithuania, was also a German possession until the end of World War II. The length of this spit is 98 kilometers, the width varies from 400 meters to 3.8 kilometers. Not so much in terms of area, but it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. We are dealing with a unique natural and anthropogenic landscape and a territory of exceptional aesthetic significance, which, along with the Hel and Baltic spits, is part of the Baltic sand spits complex, which has no analogues in the world.

In general, aesthetically – beauty, geopolitically – an important strategic territory. After all, the starting point for drawing maritime boundaries is the coast. The first 12 miles from it are called the territorial waters of the country. This is approximately 22.71 km. The next 12 miles after them is the adjacent zone, which, according to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the state can control to one degree or another.

It is clear that even a narrow strip of land protruding into the sea expands the control zone immediately by 24 miles to the left and right of it. Plus, important objects can be located on it: both purely military and civilian. For example, on the Curonian Spit there is a large Lithuanian port – Klaipeda. Well, the fishing area is also expanding.

In the case of the Baltic and Curonian Spit, Russia has the right to own them in their entirety, and not just parts, recalls military expert Mikhail Alexandrov.

– As for Lithuania, the same Klaipeda (the largest city on the Curonian Spit – ed.) – this is the territory that was received by the Soviet Union after the Second World War. Then East Prussia was divided into three parts. One part went to Poland, the second went to the RSFSR, and the third was stolen by Lithuania.

She stole it because they still cannot find the documents, in accordance with which the decision was made to annex Klaipeda to Lithuania. And in general, the Lithuanians believe that this is their territory, forgetting that they chopped it off from Germany after the First World War in a completely brazen way. Then the Germans returned it to themselves, and the USSR received it after the war.

It is high time to raise the issue of Klaipeda’s territorial affiliation. Since they deny the entire Soviet legacy, then this should also apply to the lands. They actually have a lot to lose. Poland, for example, can lay claim to Vilnius. Belarus can also get an impressive piece. And Russia can legally claim Klaipeda. Moreover, the Russian population there is twenty-five percent, and the Russian-speaking population is more than 50%. And now we can put the question this way: since the transit agreement is not valid, then the border recognition agreement with Lithuania is also not valid, and Klaipeda must be returned to the Russian Federation.

joint venture»: – And if Lithuania does not agree to return the lands and opposes Russia with weapons in its hands, NATO will support it or say: guys, figure it out yourself?

— It doesn’t matter. The special operation showed that NATO instructors and mercenaries are useless, as well as their equipment. Lithuania will be crushed in a few days and cease to exist as an independent state, at least within the existing borders. Part will go to us, part – to Belarus, there will be a land corridor to the Kaliningrad region, and a small enclave with a center in Kaunas – this will remain for the Lithuanians. Where they came from and where they will return. So Russia can safely put forward territorial claims.

Political scientist Vadim Trukhachev believes that in order to bring Lithuania to a common denominator, tough economic and political measures will be enough. At the same time, the alliance will modestly stand on the sidelines.

– NATO will fit in for Lithuania only if Russia launches a missile attack on it. But in order for the Lithuanians to be hurt, it is not at all necessary to shoot at them. And Russia is unlikely to give a pretext for the intervention of the alliance. The economic blow will be much more painful. In addition, Russia should put pressure on Belarus to stop using the port of Klaipeda. Then the blow will be quite crushing. Considering how much Lithuanians are involved in attempts to overthrow Lukashenkait is not at all impossible, the expert believes.

Apparently, Lithuania also understands this. Therefore, the Lithuanian Foreign Ministry hastened to turn the arrows on the European Union. They even handed it to the Charge d’Affaires of Russia Sergei Ryabokon a note with explanations of restrictive measures regarding the transit of goods to the Kaliningrad region. “Lithuania has not introduced any unilateral, individual or additional restrictions. Lithuania is consistently implementing EU sanctions, which have different transitional periods and effective dates.

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