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Oct 16, 2021
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Autumn currant pruning for increased yields: When is the best time to prune? Three main rules

Autumn is a fertile time for gardeners. At this time, summer residents harvest juicy fruits and berries, and also massively make preparations for the winter and lay fruits in the underground or cellar for long-term storage.

Experienced breeders definitely plan to prune fruit and berry crops at the end of the season. According to experts, such a procedure significantly prolongs the life of bushes and trees in one place, facilitates planting maintenance and leads to a stable increase in yield, of course, if it is performed correctly.

There is no exception and everyone’s favorite culture, which gives an annual harvest of sweet and sour vitamin berries – currants (black, white, red). Currant pruning can be carried out in autumn and early spring (before sap flow begins), and even in winter, if the air temperature is above + 3 ° C.

Autumn pruning of currants to increase yields When it is better to prune Three main rules

The benefits of thinning plants in the fall are clear. Since the currant wakes up very early, you may simply not have time with pruning after the snow melts, if you are at the dacha only in the warm season. In addition, in the spring, gardeners have a hot time when it is necessary to pay attention to all crops and carry out an uncountable number of different activities to prepare seedlings for the season of active fruiting.

But in the fall, you can always set aside time for caring for currants, even if you are preserving the site for the winter and do not plan to appear here until the onset of the new season. Shrubs can be thinned with garden shears at any time, be it warm September, golden October, or pre-winter November. The main thing is that at this time the air temperature does not drop below + 3 ° C.

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Rules for pruning currants in the fall:

Autumn pruning of currants to increase yields When it is better to prune Three main rules

1. First of all, carry out sanitary pruning. All shoots lying on the ground, thin, dry and broken branches, as well as those on which there are even minimal signs of disease, are subject to removal.

Autumn pruning of currants to increase yields When it is better to prune Three main rules

2. Then the tops of the entire growth are shortened, since, as a rule, there are egg-laying pests, in particular aphids and ticks, on them.

Autumn pruning of currants to increase yields When it is better to prune Three main rules

3. The last stage is rejuvenation. On each bush, 2-3 of the oldest shoots are removed at the root, which are more than 3-4 years old. Such branches are unproductive, they can be easily identified by the degree of lignification and the presence of growths from mosses and lichens.

Specialist tips for caring for currants in the fall

Use a well-sharpened garden shears whose blades are disinfected with alcohol or a strong solution of potassium permanganate.

Remove old shoots as low as possible so that the remaining stumps do not become a place for the penetration and spread of dangerous phytopathogens.

Autumn pruning of currants to increase yields When it is better to prune Three main rules

Thin the bush by removing the young shoots growing inward and thickening the crown with a pruning shears. Leave only the most powerful replacement shoots of the current season, which will bear fruit for the coming years instead of the old cut ones.

Remove plant debris from the berry plant immediately after the event. It is advisable to burn off cuttings, carrion and leaves from under currant bushes immediately or take them out of the garden, since they contain pathogens, pest larvae, and adult dangerous insects.

To enhance the effect of sanitary, thinning and rejuvenating currant pruning, treat the bushes with insecticides and fungicides, biological or synthetic. At the end of the season, when the crop is already harvested, it is safe to use effective pesticides, especially if your plants have been hit by pests or an outbreak of infectious diseases this summer.

These simple activities will help your bushes wake up much sooner with the arrival of spring warmth. Let your currant harvest be a record every summer!

Autumn pruning of currants to increase yields When it is better to prune Three main rules

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