Sep 13, 2021
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At what cost will Brussels keep Poland in the European Union?

On the fragility of state sovereignty in a supranational organization

On September 7, the European Commission filed a lawsuit against Poland with the EU Court of Justice. The European Commission is seeking to impose a daily increasing fine on the Rzeczpospolita, which will have to be paid until the Poles bring their legislation in the field of legal proceedings in line with EU norms.

What is meant? Several years ago, the Polish leadership, represented by the Law and Justice Party, initiated a reform that would involve the expansion of the executive’s control over the judiciary. For example, if a person in a robe has reached retirement age, but intends to continue working, then the President of Poland must give consent to this. Another novelty is the establishment of the Disciplinary Chamber of the Supreme Court, whose task will be to examine the misconduct of members of the judiciary.

Disciplinary Chamber at work.

Disciplinary Chamber at work. Photo:

In Brussels, Polish innovations were considered a violation of the principle of separation of powers. In July, the European Court of Justice ruled that the Disciplinary Chamber in Poland should be abolished. The reaction to this was a meeting of the Constitutional Court of Poland in order to determine which laws are more important: national or supranational? The verdict has not yet been passed, but in August Warsaw promised that the Disciplinary Chamber in its current form would be liquidated. This did not suit the European Commission, and with the arrival of autumn, it went on the offensive.

The European Commission froze a tranche of 57 billion euros – this money Warsaw was to receive to restore the economy after the “pandemic”. And five more voivodeships in Poland received letters from the European Commission, where it was reported that they would stop allocating funding within the framework of EU regional programs. The reason for the discontent in Brussels is that LGBT-free zones have appeared in these voivodeships, where, in particular, gay pride parades are prohibited.

The attack on Poland, which is shaking “European values”, is developing, and in response Warsaw began to intimidate Brussels by leaving the European Union. A new impetus to the topic was given by the Deputy Speaker of the Seimas Ryszard Terletskiy. He is the head of the parliamentary faction “Rights and Justice” and is close to the chairman of the party, Jaroslav Kaczynski, who actually runs the state, remaining in the shadows. Terletsky’s words carry a special weight.

On September 8, the vice speaker said that if relations with the EU continue to develop as they do now, Poland will have to take radical steps, and cited the UK as an example.

Ryszard Terletsky.

Ryszard Terletsky. Photo

Teletsky’s statement sparked a seething passion. They started talking about polyexit (by analogy with Brexit). Ryszard Terletsky dismissed these claims, stating that these are inventions of the liberals. The Prime Minister’s office was informed that no one was thinking of leaving the EU, but this only added fuel to the fire. A group of senators issued an appeal in which they assured that they would not allow a polyxit. And right there, the deputy from “Law and Justice” Marek Suski promised that Poland would fight against the “Brussels invaders.” And Patrick Jaki, a member of the European Parliament from Kaczynski’s party, explained what the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth needs from the European Union: “Poland does not want to leave the EU, but must change it”

Against the background of these battles, Andrzej Duda’s visit to Hungary took place. This country is also under attack from the EU for its adherence to the traditional family, refusal to legalize same-sex “marriage” and restricting LGBT propaganda. Hungary fully supported Poland in its confrontation with the European Union. Viktor Orban assured Andrzej Duda of his solidarity, and Hungarian Justice Minister Judit Varga called the pressure from Brussels “vile attacks” and “brutal attack”.

Andrzej Duda and Viktor Orban.

Andrzej Duda and Viktor Orban. Photo:

Great Britain is in the position of the third rejoicing in the dispute between Brussels, on the one hand, and Warsaw and Budapest, on the other. Especially zealous are such popular publications as Viewer and Daily ExpressViewer writes that in the confrontation with the EU, Poland is fighting for the British. And on the pages Daily Express the well-known author of detective novels, Frederic Forsyth, spoke, who said that “the Poles defeated Hitler and Stalin” (?), so they would just eat the European Union for breakfast. The author of The Day of the Jackal can, of course, be advised to know better how the Second World War ended, but the Poles liked his words.

British politicians are also showing interest in Poland; they are even going to join the Troyemorya project (Three Seas Initiative). Formally, this project is designed to strengthen integration between the countries of the European Union and located between the Baltic, Black and Adriatic Seas. In fact, the “Initiative” was invented in the US State Department with the aim of squeezing Russia out of Eastern and Central Europe. And in Poland they see a chance to achieve the status of a regional leader with the help of Troyemorye and consider the project their own. London until recently was indifferent to the Initiative, but on September 6, a special report appeared by Daniel Kawczynski, a Tory member of the House of Commons. Kavchinski proposes to develop cooperation with Troyemorye, which, according to the politician, will allow Great Britain to satisfy its global ambitions and put a barrier in the path of Russia and China. Her Majesty’s Government has no objection.

Warsaw has not yet responded to signals from London, but when the UK was a member of the EU, it had very good relations with Poland. For example, at the end of 2003, both states signed an agreement on joint activities within the European Union. So a new alliance between Warsaw and London is quite likely. However, let’s return to Poland’s confrontation with the EU and the fight against the “Brussels occupiers”.

In previous years, the European Union usually made concessions to Poland. Trump’s position played an important role in this. However, now the White House is occupied by Biden. With his arrival, there was a chill between Warsaw and Washington, and Germany turned out to be the best friend of the United States in Europe. This allowed the European Union to increase its pressure on Poland. In July, Donald Tusk unexpectedly returned to his homeland. At the end of his term as President of the European Council, he took over at the helm of the Civic Platform, the main party opposed to the Kaczynski regime.

Donald Tusk

Donald Tusk. Photo:

And soon there was a collapse of the coalition, which included “Law and Justice” and two smaller conservative political forces. Kaczynski’s party has been weakened, and the Civic Platform is now actively pumping up ratings. In the first days of September, Soros’ structures began to promote the topic of police arbitrariness and violence in Poland. The story is similar to the death of George Floyd, with the difference that there were three victims and one of the dead was a 25-year-old Ukrainian guest worker. The authorities managed to repel this attack, but the bickering between Warsaw and Brussels continues. The foundations of the European Union are becoming shaky.

Cover photo: Reuters / Dawid Zuchowicz

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