Dentists recommend brushing your teeth twice a day after meals. It would seem that nothing complicated, we were all taught this in childhood - a brush, paste, mouthwash and ready, teeth are in perfect order. Dentist Shamil Bakhtiyarov told MedPortal about all the important nuances of daily teeth brushing, which not everyone knows.
Choose a soft bristled brush
Modern doctors recommend brushes with ultra-soft bristles, but with enough bristles (5000-6000 with rounded tips), then brushing will be most effective. Hard brushes are not recommended, they injure the gums, causing the teeth to become exposed (gum recession), and in combination with abrasive toothpastes, they lead to defects in hard tissues.
According to research, an electric toothbrush is 18% more effective than a manual toothbrush. According to Shamil Bakhtiyarov, doctors do not find this confirmation in clinical practice, in addition, the electric brush itself does not guarantee the quality of cleansing. When choosing an electric toothbrush, be sure to check if it has a pressure sensor in order not to erase the enamel.
And remember to change your toothbrush or electric brush heads every two to three months.
Brush your teeth for at least 2-3 minutes
Many of us are used to giving this procedure a maximum of a minute, especially in the mornings when time is very expensive. But only a thorough cleaning for 2-3 minutes will ensure complete oral hygiene and prevent the growth of bacteria that cause tooth decay and gum disease.
Follow the cleansing sequence
The main mistake when brushing your teeth is making longitudinal movements, says Shamil Bakhtiyarov. The movement of the brush from the gum to the apex of the tooth cleans the teeth better, without clogging the plaque in the interdental spaces and the periodontal sulcus. It is necessary to start brushing from the front teeth, gradually moving the brush to the back. Hold the brush at a 45 degree angle to the tooth surface.
Start brushing from the upper jaw: first the outer, and then the inner surfaces of the teeth with movements in one direction and from top to bottom. Then, in the same way, clean the lower jaw and the contacting (chewing, occlusal) surface of the teeth. Clean the front teeth with a downward and circular motion.
Avoid brushing your teeth after eating acidic foods such as citrus fruits. At this point, they lose their protective layer and are subject to erosion.
Never share a brush with other people
Even if this is your closest person, he has a different microflora. A toothbrush is not a towel, it comes in contact with the oral mucosa, and there is always a risk of catching an infection, from sore throat to very unpleasant diseases of the oral cavity.
Use mouthwash with caution
According to Bakhtiyarov, the effectiveness and safety of mouth rinses is a hotly debated issue among dentists. But if you are accustomed to using mouthwash to freshen your breath, do not choose alcohol-based solutions, as they disrupt the microflora of the oral cavity. And remember that no rinse aid can replace mechanical cleaning with a brush and paste.
Don't forget the language!
Yes, the tongue needs to be cleaned, and this should be done regardless of whether there is a plaque on it or not. You should brush your tongue after your teeth. Particular attention should be paid to this procedure by smokers and owners of "geographic" language.
Visit your dentist at least every six months
It is the gold standard for oral health. If you have no complaints, it is enough to visit the dentist for an examination once every six months, in the presence of diseases - once every three to four months.
“No matter how carefully a person treats oral hygiene, every six months it is necessary to do professional oral hygiene in order to reduce the risks of inflammation and to detect caries in its early stages,” says Shamil Bakhtiyarov.