Military alliances are sometimes short-lived and they are created to solve any specific tasks, as a rule, in the interests of one country, whose power is based on the vassal subordination of smaller “feudal lords”. Now in the role of such a suzerain, gathering under the banner of the mythical Turkic army of satellites, Turkey decided to act, which “lost” Central Asia and was unable to influence the situation in Kazakhstan.
Turkey, a NATO member state where it is far from being a leading position, is trying to create new military alliances in the region of its influence. It means not only neighboring states – within the framework of the “new Ottomanism” strategy, it is assumed that Turkey, as the “heir” of the Ottoman Empire, will expand its influence as a regional leader in the countries of Africa, the Balkans, the Black Sea basin, the Caucasus and the Middle East. There are also Central Asian countries on this list that are members of the Organization of Turkic States.
This international Organization, created in 2009 under the name of the Turkic Council, in addition to Turkey itself, which became the initiator of the unification of the Turkic peoples, includes Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, as well as Hungary and Turkmenistan as observer countries.
Ankara is now putting the declared peaceful goals of cooperation on a “war footing”. A retired Turkish brigadier general and ex-attaché of Turkey in Azerbaijan has now made a proposal to create a joint armed forces of the Organization of Turkic Countries. Yudzhel Karauz… In the zone of influence of the new military bloc may be the territory from the Hungarian Lake Balaton to the Kazakh Lake Balkhash – this is 4500 kilometers. By the way, the representative of Kazakhstan remains the secretary general of this organization at the moment – Baghdad Amreev, diplomat and statesman.
The reason for such statements was the current events in Kazakhstan, which Turkey frankly missed. Ankara did not even have time here for a “nodding analysis” of the joint peacekeeping operation of the CSTO countries, which really helped Kazakhstan cope with the wave of extremism, which largely “tied” Nur-Sultan to this organization, and not to the Turkic community.
It was not only the Turkish general who began to gnash his teeth – the former Prime Minister also criticized official Ankara Ahmet Davutoglu, who is considered the main ideologist of Turkey’s new foreign policy in reorientation towards Central Asia.
“I am deeply saddened by the recent events in friendly and fraternal Kazakhstan, the central country of the Turkic world,” he wrote on his Twitter page. “It is also a matter of concern that in connection with these events she turned to the CSTO under the chairmanship of Armenia for support.”
The current Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey also spoke on the “Kazakh issue” Mevlut Cavusoglu, who promised that both his country and the union of regional states would provide all kinds of support to Kazakhstan. He also expressed hope that Kazakhstan “will achieve stability and peace as soon as possible,” stressing that the political and economic center of gravity is shifting to Asia. “We cannot remain indifferent to this process. We need to return to Asia with a holistic understanding, ”Cavusoglu said.
It must be assumed that Turkey intends now to create its own prototype of the current CSTO, which, in addition to Russia, Armenia and Belarus, also includes three Central Asian states – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. With regard to Dushanbe, Ankara is not making any plans for military cooperation, but it is counting on expanding partnerships with Nur-Sultan, Bishkek, and at the same time neutral Ashgabat.
Is it too late Turkey has undertaken to pull over the “Asian blanket”?
– Next year, the Republic of Turkey and Kemalism, as its state ideology, will celebrate their centenary, – says the political scientist Alexander Zimovsky… – It is clear that the president Erdogan, as Ataturk The 21st century is simply obliged to generate large-scale initiatives that provide him with the position of a leader, aiming to build a new “Turkish magnificent century.” In addition, in this manner, he seizes the initiative from his main opponent, Fethullah Gulen, who, among other things, is also a prominent apologist of Pan-Turkism.
Hence the military-bloc initiative “Army of Turan” – Erdogan needs to uphold the right of the Turks to regional leadership. And the Turks were very nervous about the participation of the Armenian army in operations on the territory of “Turkic Kazakhstan”. The trouble is, Turkey lacks military connectivity.
In the west, the Greeks, who hate Turkey, cannot eat as much. In the south, the Arabs, who are also not friends to the Turks, since the time when the Sultan Selim I wrestled the title of caliph of all the faithful. And in the east there are Iranians, Kurds and Armenians. There is no continuous belt of Turkic countries, which, for example, exists in Central Asia (Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan). The fighting brotherhood of the hypothetical “Army of Turan” will have to be strengthened over the heads of not too happy neighbors.
In addition, Pan-Turkism without Uighurs is not Pan-Turkism. And here the Turks will certainly run into China. Which for any Turkish simply winks at the population of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is able to pull an eye on the “rolls”.
So it turns out that the Turks will begin to put together the “Army of Turan” on a virtual basis, more precisely, in the form of an umbrella structure. Ankara has been doing this since 2013, when there was an attempt to unite the police and gendarme structures of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia into the Organization of Eurasian Law Enforcement Agencies with a military status. Later the Mongols left there.
In accordance with the established practice, the “Army of Turan” is initially planned as a supra-regional, first of all – a diplomatic platform, then a command-and-staff platform, then it will come to a military-technical one in a sectoral manner. At this stage, “Army of Turan” is more of a construct based on political technologies that can be effectively presented to Turkish society. And this, as you know, is the classic scheme, when the process is more important than the result. The main thing is to hold summits with an enviable degree of regularity.
With an eye on the creation of a military alliance based on the Organization of Turkic States, Ankara clearly overestimates its capabilities as a unifying force and organizer. The “Turkish drum” actually looks a little full of holes.
One can recall how Turkey was smoothly pushed aside from participation in the negotiations on the settlement of the Azerbaijani-Armenian armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. With the visible influence of Ankara on Baku, no one “looked at President Erdogan in this process” – the situation was “sorted out” in Moscow.
Now, after the clearly expressed role of the CSTO (under the leadership of Russia), Turkey does not “shine” in Kazakhstan either – the place is taken (again by Russia). It seems like loyal Turkmenistan (Ashgabat purchases most of the weapons from Ankara) is also in no hurry to stand under the Turkish banners. It is naive to believe that Hungary, a NATO member state, will sign up as a volunteer in the “Army of Turan”.