Oct 18, 2021
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Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to the Russian Federation: “The USA should take a share of responsibility for Afghanistan”

Zhang Hanhui.

The United States withdrew its troops from Afghanistan – now there is complete chaos, as observers and experts note. The Americans, on the other hand, absolved themselves of responsibility for the situation in the region. Why should neighboring countries deal with the consequences of their presence there?

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of China to Russia Zhang Hanhui believes that the United States should take its share of responsibility for the war in Afghanistan. He shared his opinion with AiF.

“Glorious” result

– American writer of Afghan origin Khaled Hosseini wrote in his novel “And the echo flies through the mountains”: “For every square mile [в Афганистане] there are a thousand tragedies. ” Today we all witnessed the Afghan tragedy through the fault of the United States.

In an article dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Washington Post wrote: “Instead of serving as an example of the highest values ​​of the state, the official reaction to this event showed its abomination from all sides: deception, harshness, arrogance, ignorance , delusion, overestimation of their strengths and frivolity … Washington fantasized about how to remake the world in its own image and likeness, but only showed the world an ugly image of itself. “

By promising to bring democracy and peace to Afghanistan, the United States plunged it into a dire humanitarian catastrophe. Over the past 20 years, as a result of hostilities, 47 thousand civilians have died, 60 thousand people have been injured, and 11 million have become refugees. 33 thousand children died or became disabled, 3.5 million were deprived of the opportunity to get an education.

Today Afghanistan ranks 213rd in the world in terms of GDP per capita, the unemployment rate is over 50%, the poverty rate is 72%. A third of the population is food insecure, and nearly half of the country’s population – 18 million people – depend on humanitarian aid. These are the fruits of American-style democratic transformations.

By pledging to fight terrorism and drugs, the United States has turned Afghanistan into a hotbed of international terrorist organizations and the world’s largest producer of poppy and opium. They have long been called the power of double standards. Here, too, in violation of the UN consensus, they unilaterally announced the removal of the status of a terrorist organization from the Islamic Movement of East Turkestan, turning it into an instrument of deterring other countries. For geopolitical purposes, the United States secretly condoned the activities of terrorist organizations, as a result of which their number in 2001 exceeded 20 – this not only caused enormous damage to the Afghan people, but also jeopardized the security of neighboring countries.

The protracted war exacerbated the already complex drug problem. According to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, in 2020, Afghanistan produced 10 thousand tons of opium, which is more than 50 times more than in 2001, and is 85% of the total world production.

This is the “glorious” result of the 20-year US presence in Afghanistan under the banner of fighting terrorism and drug trafficking.

Ignoring commitments

Posing as a “beacon of democracy and freedom”, as well as a “guardian of human rights”, they trampled on the rights of Afghans on their own land. In 2002, dozens of innocent people were killed and more than 100 injured in an airstrike on a village wedding in Uruzgan province. In 2010, US soldiers in Afghanistan formed a “assassin squad” and, for entertainment purposes, shot at civilians, cut off fingers and other “spoils of war” from victims, capturing them in photographs. In 2016, the US Department of Defense was forced to publish 200 photographs depicting US soldiers bullying prisoners in Iraq and Afghanistan. In 2020, Australia admitted that its military had killed 39 Afghan civilians and prisoners, including children, by “slitting their throats” and using other brutal methods.

To hush up the scandal, the US government blatantly obstructed the International Criminal Court’s investigation of the crimes of the US military in Afghanistan by the International Criminal Court in The Hague, defaming it, calling it a “corrupt institution” and even imposing sanctions on judges. This is a vivid reflection of the concept of human rights and moral values ​​of “American style” politics.

Now, ignoring its obligations, the United States withdrew its troops from Afghanistan, leaving it in complete chaos, and shifted responsibility for the situation and risks to neighboring countries. Their false image of the state as a defender of democracy and human rights collapsed again.

President Putin rightly noted that the current round of the crisis in Afghanistan is a direct consequence of the irresponsible actions of the United States, after which they hastily retreated, leaving the Afghan people to fend for themselves, and the entire international community has to clean up the consequences.

Community of one destiny

China and Russia are important constructive forces that can contribute to a peaceful settlement and national reconciliation in Afghanistan. And our countries are now cooperating quite closely on this issue. A detailed exchange of views took place during a telephone conversation between President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping and President of Russia Vladimir Putin

The heads of the two states believe that China and Russia, as well as other members of the international community, should strengthen contacts, coordinate their actions and, on the basis of respect for the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Afghanistan, contribute to a smooth stabilization of the situation there. Then stability and security will come to the entire region.

Humanity is a community of shared destiny, and the world is a global village. Recently, Dushanbe hosted 3 summits – SCO, CSTO and a joint summit of the two organizations on the issue of Afghanistan. At the last meeting, President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping noted that the path of a country should be determined by its own people, and international issues should be resolved through consultations.

All SCO and CSTO member states as close neighbors of Afghanistan really represent a community of common destiny and security. And therefore, at such a critical moment as now, it is necessary to consolidate efforts – this is more valuable than gold.

President Xi Jinping put forward 3 proposals to solve the problem: facilitating an early smooth transition to stabilizing the situation, establishing contacts and dialogue with Afghanistan, and helping the Afghan people overcome current difficulties.

It is equally important to use coordination mechanisms to restore peace and development in this country. And this is done too. The meetings of the foreign ministers of Afghanistan’s neighboring countries and the foreign ministers of China, Russia, Pakistan and Iran were successfully held. As a result, important agreements were concluded.

From chaos to order

Member of the State Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China Wang Yi during these meetings emphasized that in the period of transition from chaos to order, the parties should take a unique opportunity to intensify contacts and coordination, to exert a positive and constructive influence on the situation in Afghanistan, while respecting its sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.

To do this, first, it is necessary to urge the United States to fulfill its obligations and assume the key responsibility for the reconstruction of the country. Americans shouldn’t be allowed to get out of the water and blame others.

Secondly, it is necessary to maintain contacts with Afghanistan, to promote the formation of a broad and inclusive political structure in the country with a moderate and sustainable domestic and foreign policy.

Third, it is important to prevent the spread of the terrorist threat to adjacent territories, to encourage the new Afghan authorities to distance themselves from extremist forces.

Fourth, it is necessary to unite the efforts of all parties to help the Afghan people overcome the current crisis.

Fifth, it is important to help Afghanistan integrate into the structure of regional cooperation and help it build capacity for independent and sustainable development.

China and Russia have common interests in the Afghan settlement, as well as a sincere willingness to help achieve long-term peace and stability in the country, to contribute to the post-war reconstruction of its economy. We are ready, together with our Russian friends, to activate the role of such multilateral mechanisms as the expanded troika on Afghanistan, the SCO-Afghanistan contact group and the Moscow format on Afghanistan. We are confident that this will be a significant contribution to maintaining peace and stability in our region.

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