Theatre — a kind of magic, created by real people on the stage "here and now". Each performance of even the most long-running productions has its own soul and handwriting. And how much is hidden behind the scenes, away from audience eyes, it is difficult to imagine. Amazing facts about the theatre, too, no numbers, just some of them.
The main thing — a creative approach
Go to one of these theaters is worth it though, because it's interesting in itself. And even no matter what will happen on stage, the experience of staying in a place like this will not spoil even the bad acting.
- Comedy theatre in Barcelona "Teatreneu" is famous because the fee for performance is calculated based on smesovaci the viewer. Seat-back mounted special sensors that read the facial expressions of the person. As soon as the program recognizes the right emotion, at the expense deducted 30 cents. The maximum ticket price is fixed at 24 euros. That is, after 80 smiles you can already laugh, not afraid to remain with an empty wallet. The idea was so original that those wishing to visit this picturesque place is always crowded.
- London theater", Barbican" about 10 years ago, conducted a very interesting experiment, organizing a show called "lullaby". Guests instead of sitting chairs were offered one-, two - and three-bedroom beds with all the associated paraphernalia — a blanket, a pillow, a nightlight. The main purpose of the presentation was to put people to sleep and to calm their nervous system. It is noteworthy that the programme provided and a light Breakfast in the morning.
- The the Barter theatre (the state of Virginia, USA) is famous not only because it is the oldest professional theater in the country, but its approach to payment. Its history began during the great depression, when to pay cash for the entrance was almost impossible. In order not to deprive people of joy who is the founder of stage Robert Porterfield has adopted a unique decision — to take the place of traditional money barter items: food, decorations, utensils, etc cost 40 cents, and that from this calculation were set equivalent commodity. Years passed and decades, and the principle of barter remained, becoming individual piece of theatre.
Unusual theatres in the world
Surprise, you can not only performances, but also by the appearance of the theater — its architecture, location, interior, etc. Here are just a few versions of the modern "scaffolding", which is already breathtaking. Not to mention what is happening on stage.
- Avid theatergoers are familiar with the small Austrian town of Bregenz, which annually come from around the world for lovers of Opera and theatre arts. All the performances take place on a floating stage, special design, containing lots of scenery and elaborate lighting system. All together gives a stunning visual effect that is only enhanced by the backdrop of a Sunny summer sunsets and the reflection of the lake water. On the shore equipped with seats for 6,000 spectators, so the tickets sold out six months in advance.
- Giant egg made of glass and titanium, like a fantastic submarine surfaced in the middle of Beijing — not that other, as the building of a modern Tetra. Its Creator, architect, Frenchman Paul Andreu, gave free rein to their imagination and made a real futuristic object. To get into the theater hall, one must walk through an underwater tunnel of 80 meters length, and this one is underwhelming. In addition to performances, there are Symphony concerts and various show-programs.
- Norwegian capital Oslo is also included in the list of theatrical "creatives". In the heart of the city is the Opera house — a huge building of marble and glass with a viewing platform, stretching along the coast for several hundred meters. His stage consists of 16 sites are independent from each other and are able to move in space at different angles. This constructive discovery allows you to create the most intricate decorations, introducing the audience into the emotional-cultural TRANS. Performances are characterized by their diversity and originality of reading, and the number of visitors to the theatre for all time of its existence (over 10 years) has already exceeded 8 million people.
First there was the word
Using speech in a variety of aphorisms, few people think about their origin. And, meanwhile, of them have theatrical roots. For example:
- The word "fiasco" in Italian means "bottle". It would seem, what relation it has to the value, invest in it today — a failure, failure? All in hapless comic Bianconeri, decided at the time to impress the audience with a hilarious pantomime with a huge bottle on his head. The audience did not appreciate the humor, and the scenes became synonymous with "bad acting". Subsequently, the phrase has acquired a generic meaning, denoting a "collapse", "defeat" not only in acting, but in principle.
- The expression "buffoon", though it was invented in Russia, but the prototype of the Roman jesters were clowns. Mandatory attribute was the rattle made from a bull bladder, inside of which was filled with dried peas. During performances in the medieval theatre such "toys" actors beaten the other actors and even the audience. In the Russian interpretation the image of the jester is a bit evolved, complementing pea straw, crowning the head of the merry.
- "Finita La Commedia" is a famous idiom, literally translated with the Italian "Comedy is over". Despite the fact that grammatically the phrase sounds slightly different ("La commedia e finita"), this option is entrenched in our everyday vocabulary. There are several versions of the origin of this expression, the most logical of which is associated with the Opera of Ruggiero Leoncavallo's "I Pagliacci".
Some facts about theatre past and present cause a real shock, but as they say, from the song words can not erase.
- The bloodthirsty Roman audience knew all along. What are Gladiator fights, which is comparable in its cruelty, except that with the tweaks of the medieval Inquisition. The audience was out for blood and circuses, so often actors on the stage were replaced to criminals sentenced to death, which is "serene" was killed during a performance.
- The founder of the Theatre of violence Vensel Making is their version of "the Idiot", where Dostoevsky's hero is left only the name and General plot outline. The performance, lasting 3 hours, which causes a mixed feeling. A mixture of the grotesque, Greek Comedy and grunge scares his aggression and ringing spiritual emptiness. The stage is literally filled with dirt, both figuratively and very literally. They drool, blood, tea mixed with other liquids natural (and not only) origin. Brave dosimetrie in the hall to the end, go "into the world" completely devastated and confused. On the fan — so you can describe the work of a strange and probably mentally unstable French Director.
- Japanese philosophy in the teeth not every mortal, but close to it understanding you can use the Noh theater. Originating in the 14th century, it was originally designed for aristocratic audiences. Even today, when attending theatrical performances, the viewer does not leave a feeling of entitlement from initiation to high art. Masks and kimono, which are actors that are traditionally passed from generation to generation. Some things can be several hundred years. The play is played to the accompaniment of drums and flutes the main character tells the story of the Buddhist monks, samurai warriors, mortals and gods. Miniatures "are" refined by the national dance where each movement has a deeper meaning.
It is also interesting
Did you know that:
- The theatre fan was not only used for its intended purpose, but often served as assistant to both the audience and the actors. For the first on of the fan was applied to excerpts from plays or programs upcoming performances, and the second often recorded text, not to forget during the speech.
- What if the play obviously does not Shine acting talent, but to maintain interest of the audience need to be mandatory? Very simple — to provide in the presence of a specially trained "extras", which redeems in applause did a performance. It did in the days of Nero, who considered himself a great artist. The practice of inviting the cheering mercenaries were common in Europe. In the 19th century their services were used by many theaters, as long as the so-called clapper did not demand remuneration for his "work".
- In the middle ages women's role was not much variety, Yes, and by the Actresses attitude was disrespectful. The woman could only rely on the role of servant or slave, which itself spoke about its position in the then society. Theatrical costumes and scenery also made it clear about the status quo.
To talk about theatre forever, but as stated in a proverb — better to see once than hear a hundred times.