An unusual format of dialogue between the authorities and the people is successfully operating at the state level in Kazakhstan: the National Council of Public Trust (NCPC). The council was created about two years ago on the initiative of the then elected President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and has already shown a qualitatively different model interactions with civil society. Read about the role of the NSOD in the generation and implementation of new reforms in Kazakhstan in the review “Arguments and Facts”.
Presidential assignment completed on time
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan has fulfilled the presidential instruction given by Kassym-Jomart Tokayev at the 5th meeting of the National Council of Public Trust in February. We are talking about the restoration in the internal affairs bodies of the republic of the state units for the protection of women and children from violence. This burning issue was previously raised by a member of the NCPC, a well-known Kazakhstani expert. Gulmira Ileuova… According to her, the unit for the protection of women and children from violence was created in the structure of the republican Ministry of Internal Affairs back in 1999, but then its staff was reduced by almost half, and in those regions where there was the greatest number of offenses in this area.
Speaking at a meeting of the National Council, Tokayev said that today in the country more than 2.5 thousand crimes against women, including those with a lethal outcome, are registered annually. “The solution to this painful issue is possible only through the joint efforts of government agencies and non-governmental organizations,” the president said.
As a result, as reported on the eve of the Telegram channel of the NSOD Ulttyq_kenes, by order Minister of Internal Affairs Yerlan Turgumbayev the staffing of units for the protection of women and children from violence has been strengthened. This decision was implemented due to the internal distribution of staff units. In particular, the staffing of the unit for the protection of women from violence has been increased by 129 units. In turn, the number of the unit for juvenile affairs and child protection has almost doubled: by 448 units.
If we return to the discussions at the fifth meeting of the National Council, we will note their healthy criticism and ardent advocacy of the interests of society. For example, founder of the School of Social Entrepreneurship (SP) Emin Askerov defended his initiatives in the developed Social Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in particular, asked to include a component of the development of the joint venture in the existing state programs. The entrepreneur also proposed declaring 2022 or 2023 the Year of Social Entrepreneurship. “I never stop hitting one point! – Askerov wrote emotionally on his Facebook page. “I suppose that in the near future, social issues will concern all developing countries much more than the factor of economic growth.”
Another member of the NSOD, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Public Anti-Corruption Fund “Transparency Kazakhstan” Marat Shibutov, spoke in favor of the need to develop a mechanism for direct communication between civil society and the government in case of urgent adoption of any decision, citing an example from personal experience: “I contacted several times – both during quarantine and now – about a failure due to flaws in the system of accompanying invoices on the goods of the Ministry of Finance, which affected all trading and manufacturing companies in the country. On Friday I wrote a letter to E. Zh. Koshanov (to the head of the Presidential Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan… – Approx. ed.) and passed it through Yerlan Tynymbayevich Karin (assistant to the president. – Ed. note). On Monday afternoon, after two meetings, the State Revenue Committee acknowledged its gaps and began working with entrepreneurs. I think that I am not alone, and my colleagues have done the same, perhaps much more often and for more significant reasons. ”
“Different opinions, but one nation”
The concept of the National Council of Public Trust is well thought out. Firstly, this body is headed by the President himself, who personally participates in all its meetings, and secondly, the activities of the council have a clear systemic basis. To date, three working groups have been created: on political, economic and socio-cultural modernization. Later it was decided to divide the last of them into two groups: on issues of social modernization and spiritual and cultural modernization.
In addition, the rotation principle is used in the formation of the composition of the NCPC. It is designed to ensure the participation of interested representatives of the Kazakh public in solving specific problems. Over the past year, there have already been three rotations. The members of the council were such well-known public figures, representatives of the expert and media community as political scientist Daniyar Ashimbaev, writer Seidahmet Kuttykadam, TV presenter Aruzhan Sain, film director Ermek Tursunov and others. Each of them made their own contribution to the work of the council and, as a result, the implementation of transformations in their competencies.
Deciding to create a council, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, speaking at the inauguration in June 2019, noted: “Our citizens are greatly concerned about the development of a dialogue between the authorities and society. Such a dialogue should be based on the recognition of pluralism of opinions. Different opinions, but one nation. Here is the main reference point. So I decided to create a National Council of Public Trust. The council will include representatives of the entire society, including young people … The authorities are obliged to fulfill their promises to the people. This is its main mission. This is the only way to strengthen the unity of the nation and stability in the country. ”
Since the creation of the National Council of Public Trust, the president has held 24 individual meetings with members of the NCPC. The package of political reforms announced with the support of the leaders of public opinion in Kazakhstan has been fully implemented, and 7 laws have been adopted.
It should be noted that according to the results of the parliamentary elections held on January 10, 2021, 9 councilors became deputies of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan of the VII convocation, including such well-known representatives of the expert community as Berik Abdygaliuly, Kanat Nurov, Yerlan Sairov and Aidos Sarymmembers of the parliamentary faction of the Nur Otan party. All this once again reflects the level of efficiency of the Council of Public Trust and its influence on the political life of Kazakhstan.
At the recent fifth meeting of the National Council of Public Trust, President Tokayev said that the year of the 30th anniversary of Kazakhstan’s Independence will be marked by economic and political reforms, the development of education and healthcare, digitalization, the protection of human rights, and the solution of environmental problems.