Our friend came from Belarus the other day. He himself is not Belarusian, but he lived there for a long time, distributed after the Moscow Phystech. There he got married, had children, then moved with his wife to Moscow, but his wife's relatives, many friends remained in Minsk, the apartment remained. He was always very supportive of Lukashenka, admired the local order, even went to Minsk for treatment.
This time he returned in a vague and indistinct mood.
He drove with the thought that either lured buzoters or those who had nothing to do and who did not want to work were revolting in Minsk. And normal, respectable, working people remembering difficult times - they think balanced and practical. And they support Lukashenka, who has a modest prosperity, stability and life in the Soviet style.
It turned out not so. The father-in-law and mother-in-law of our friend, his wife and even the youngest teenage daughter are all against Lukashenka and for a new life, although they live in Moscow. He has either a friend or a relative in Minsk, and that one has a student son who is studying something international, like our MGIMO. Well, those, both old and young, are right asleep and see the fall of "tyranny." The young international affairs expert generally thinks that as soon as the Old Man is knocked off, he, from his English level A1, will be lifted on the wings of democracy and lifted up. Where? And God knows where, but what they will exalt - for sure. And under Batka's power, there is no move for him, and in general, a complete nudga.
Our friend approached his relatives with a single and highly reasonable question: “Where did you get the idea that it would be better under the new government? Look at Ukraine - it got much worse there. " Like peas against a wall. They don't want to see Lukashenka - give them another. Anyone, even worse. But - another. The young internationalist recalled the change of government as the most important sign of democracy.
And suddenly a guess dawned on me. Lukashenka (and anyone else in his place) takes away hope from them with his long sitting. Completely empty, not based on anything, but hope. The fact that now the right ruler (government) will finally come - and prosperity will come. That prosperity is achieved by long and strenuous work - both for the individual and for the people as a whole - this idea is absolutely not characteristic of the mass consciousness. The mass consciousness is seeking a miracle. A miracle is a violation of the laws of conservation (matter, energy), i.e. getting something out of nothing. For example, from the replacement of the leading physiognomy on the TV. There were poor, and then - rr-time! - and became rich, began to live as in Germany or in some other blessed land. All you have to do is knock off one and plant the other.
So? Further, it will obviously turn out that the new government (s) is no better than the previous one, and it is very likely that it is worse. Life is not getting more satisfying. But for a while, the charm of novelty persists: maybe he, the new one, will become more skilled in the government craft, and things will go better? Didn't it go? Well then, down with him! We were wrong. Hope is pinned on a new picture change. And this is repeated over and over again.
Over the long decades, even centuries, Western-type democracy has remarkably managed to govern the masses, to subtlety has understood how they think and feel. Without this understanding, it is impossible to manage. And the Western masters of life, who support a gigantic machine of manipulation called democracy, understood, knew and know this.
But the Soviet masters of life did not know how. And today's Belarusian bosses, headed by Lukashenka, do not know how. They did not want to know the real masses, but lived “in captivity of illusions,” as Academician Uglov once put it on another occasion. Ours have always been guided not by the true mentality of the masses, but by how some bookish ideal proletarians or the masses of the people invented by the classics and founders should think and feel.
How exactly do the masses think and feel? That's how:
"... senseless rabble
Changeable, rebellious, superstitious,
An easy empty hope betrayed
Obedient to instant suggestion,
To the truth is deaf and indifferent,
And she feeds on fables "
This is, if anyone has forgotten: Pushkin. "Boris Godunov". There is information that Stalin's favorite work.
I have read many books about mass psychology, but Pushkin is the only one who said a) exhaustively, b) true in every word. Neither subtract nor add.
Changeable - always ready to trample the old idol. Rebellious - It is easy to persuade her to rebel. Superstitious - ready to believe any nonsense. “Easily betrayed to empty hope” - that's what I'm writing about. "Obedient to instant suggestion" with the right way of setting the case, good pictures and chants, they will believe anything and are ready to forget about their own benefits and interests. "To the truth is deaf and indifferent, And she feeds on fables." No one wants to truly know how things stand. The public longs for ominous revelations, simple (and therefore incorrect) explanations, blissful pictures of a brighter future. And all this is provided to her in the form of a democratic procedure for the change of power. A mature democracy can afford it: it knows how to handle the masses. And Lukashenko, hmm, showed naivete.