The first prototype of a combat exoskeleton equipped with electric motors, which can be part of the outfit of a soldier of the future, was created in Russia, the state corporation “Rostec” told RIA Novosti at the “Army-2021” forum.
The newest exoskeleton operates in two modes. In active mode, the physical capabilities of a person are enhanced by servo drives – gearless electric motors powered by batteries. The mode is activated when a soldier moves over rough terrain or mountains.
In passive mode, the exoskeleton is designed to move on a horizontal surface with a load.
“The exoskeleton that we are creating together with our colleagues from the Research Institute of Mechanics of Moscow State University. Lomonosov, reduces the load on the musculoskeletal system by 50%, energy costs when running and walking – by 15 percent, allows you to carry up to 60 kilograms of cargo and shoot from automatic weapons 20 percent more accurately, “- said the industrial director of the cluster of weapons, ammunition and special chemistry “Rostec” Bekkhan Ozdoev.
The servos of the exoskeleton are equipped with position sensors, as well as pressure sensors in the feet, due to which the exoskeleton adapts to human characteristics, does not hinder movement and allows it to move intuitively.
The development is presented to the general public in the Rostec demo center at the Army-2021 forum. The system is being developed jointly by TsNIITOCHMASH (part of Rostec) and the Research Institute of Mechanics.
As noted by the head of the laboratory of general mechanics of the Research Institute of Mechanics, Moscow State University. Lomonosov Vladimir Budanov, the use of gearless motors allows the exoskeleton to be used both in active and passive modes.
“We also intend to introduce elements made of composites into the design of the exoskeleton, to focus on improving the batteries and the control system,” the specialist added.
In addition, within the framework of the forum, the Rostec state corporation said that passive exoskeletons, which the Russian military are already using in Syria, increase the combat potential of units.
“In addition to increasing the capabilities of a serviceman, the combat potential of the entire unit is increasing many times over. This is evidenced by the experience of combat use. In Syria, sapper units equipped with passive exoskeletons are already operating, ”the state corporation noted.
Passive exoskeletons are not equipped with motors, but due to mechanics they reduce the load on the fighter’s musculoskeletal system and allow him to carry loads over a greater distance.