Jan 10, 2022
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50 interesting facts about Kazakhstan

50 interesting facts about Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a large Eurasian state. Most of the country is located in Europe, less in the Asian part of the world. The date of the formation of the state is considered to be 1465. The country consists of fourteen regions and three cities of republican significance.

Tourists regularly come to the country to admire the natural beauty of the region and the numerous sights of the cities of Nur-Sultan, Almaty, Karaganda, Pavlodar, Aktobe.

Hundreds of nations and cultures coexist peacefully in Kazakhstan as a multinational country. They make Kazakhstani culture colorful and multifaceted. There are many protected, unique places in the country that are definitely worth a visit.

Many tourists mistakenly believe that there is nothing to see here except the endless steppe zone, but this is not so. Museums, reserves and mausoleums of Kazakhstan will surprise even such a traveler who thinks that he has already seen everything. In this article we will tell you the TOP 50 of the most interesting and surprising facts about Kazakhstan

  1. The Great Silk Road passed through the territory of Kazakhstan in the Middle Ages. Caravans traveled along this road, and the route itself connected Asia with the Mediterranean.
  2. The words “Kazakh” and “Kazakhstani” should not be confused. The first word means the nationality of the majority of the inhabitants of Kazakhstan, the second – belonging to the citizenship of this country. The state is home to about one hundred and twenty nationalities. Therefore, the Kazakhs include Russians, Ukrainians, Armenians and other nations living in this multinational country.
  3. Among the states that do not have access to the sea or the ocean, Kazakhstan has the largest area.
  4. The population of Kazakhstan for 2021 is nineteen million people. It is the 64th largest country in the world in terms of population.
  5. Nur-Sultan is the capital of Kazakhstan. It received this name quite recently, in honor of Nursultan Nazarbayev, who was the country’s president for a long time. Since 1997, the city has been called Astana, which translates as “capital”.
  6. The longest land border between countries is more than 7,500 kilometers. We are talking about the state border between our country and Kazakhstan.
  7. Medeo is the highest mountain skating rink in the world, located on the territory of Kazakhstan. This is an architectural monument and it is located in the Malaya Almatinka tract. The sports complex is one of the most popular ice rinks in the world.Medeo skating rink
  8. The city of Alma-Ata is often called the southern capital of Kazakhstan. In this administrative center, many government agencies are still located, for example, ministries. Until 1997, it was the official capital of the state, now it is a city with a population of 1.97 million people and a highly developed infrastructure.
  9. The most famous sportsman in Kazakhstan is boxer Gennady Golovkin. So the subscribers of the Zagranitsa portal decided, by a majority vote for the world champion and Olympic medalist.
  10. Russian and Kazakh languages ​​are state languages ​​in this country.
  11. The President of Kazakhstan is elected for a term of five years. Now the head of state is Kassym-Jomart Kemelevich Tokayev.
  12. The country has a sharply continental climate. It is very cold here in winter, and hellish heat in summer. The distribution of precipitation across the country is uneven. In the desert, very little moisture falls, in the mountains – up to 1600 millimeters per year. But most often it rains in the north of the country – up to three thousand millimeters a year.
  13. Most of the museums in Kazakhstan are located in Alma-Ata – as many as twelve.
  14. There are approximately equal shares of Muslims and Orthodox Christians in the country, two percent of the population profess the Protestant faith.
  15. Ethnic composition is dominated by Kazakhs – 42% and Russians – 37%, followed by Ukrainians (about every twentieth Kazakhstani), Germans (4% of the country’s population), Uzbeks and Tatars – 2 percent each.
  16. Kazakhstani money is called tenge. Words surprisingly similar in sound! This Turkic word was known back in the Middle Ages, and now this is the name of the currency of this country.
  17. Kazakhstanis are very hospitable. Each guest is a joy for them. They put him at the table, treat him to food, and they feed him the best dishes and put him in the most conspicuous place at the table.
  18. Beshbarmak is the favorite food of the Kazakhs. This is Kazakh meat, which is as popular among Kazakhs as dumplings and borscht among Ukrainians or dumplings among Russians.
  19. Bread in Kazakhstan is most often a flat cake, which is usually broken by hand, and not cut with a knife.
  20. The most popular drinks among Kazakhs are tea with milk and kumis.
  21. Kazakhstan has land borders with Russia, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
  22. The fauna of Kazakhstan is very diverse. It is home to gophers, hamsters, snow leopards, brown bears, argali, gazelles, hares and many other representatives of the fauna.
  23. Internet censorship operates on the territory of Kazakhstan. Blocked “Live Journal”, porn sites and other resources that, in the opinion of the authorities, may harm the mental health and moral foundations of the nation.
  24. Of all the countries of Central Asia, this state has the most powerful army. Kazakhstan is in very friendly relations with Russia and Belarus, is not aggressive towards its neighbors and does not argue with them over territories.
  25. Batyr is the name of an Indian elephant who lived in Kazakhstan and knew how to talk. During the Soviet period of history, he lived in the Karaganda Zoo. The elephant knew how to pronounce his name and ask for water, and he called himself “good” in human language.
  26. In terms of area, Kazakhstan is in the top ten among the countries of the world.
  27. The first domestication of horses took place on the territory of this state. This is evidenced by the results of archaeological excavations, during which scientists found the bones of these animals and were able to establish the date when the horse had already become an assistant to primitive man.
  28. Kazakhstan was the last to secede from the USSR. This happened on December 16, 1991.
  29. Turkestan was formed about fifteen hundred years ago and immediately became the center of culture of the Kazakh region.
  30. In the bowels of this country are all the chemical elements from the periodic table of Dmitry Mendeleev.
  31. The country is actively fighting tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and hookah bars. The authorities’ struggle for a healthy lifestyle has led to a ban on the sale of alcohol-containing products from nine in the evening until noon.
  32. Alma-Ata in Kazakhstan is called Almaty, but Russians are more familiar with the first name of the city. This city and the capital Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana) have long been arguing and debating which of the two cities is more beautiful.
  33. Kazakhstan is proud of its Baikonur cosmodrome. After all, it was from him that Yuri Gagarin flew into space. The first launches of an artificial earth satellite took place at Baikonur in the Soviet years. And today Russia is actively using the potential of this cosmodrome. Thus, Kazakhstan makes a significant contribution to the development of near and deep space.
  34. There are many creative people in Kazakhstan. There are especially many wonderful singers among them, among whom Dimash Kudeybergen should be especially noted. The talent of this honored figure of Kazakhstan is known in Russia, China and in many other countries, in which he successfully tours. The singer has unique vocal abilities, he is compared with Chaliapin and other great performers of the past.
  35. The evolution of the Kazakh language takes place almost daily. For example, even the word “Internet” has its own translation – galamtor.
  36. The capital of the state has the famous Zenkov Cathedral. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that the architectural masterpiece was built without the use of nails at all.
  37. Since 2015, video surveillance has been installed over the traffic police, and the number of bribes immediately decreased significantly.
  38. Khan-Tengri Peak has an ideal peaked peak, similar to a pyramid. At dawn and dusk, this beautiful Kazakhstani peak turns scarlet. Since ancient times, Kazakhs believe that spirits live on this mountain.
  39. Kazakhstanis drink tea twice as much as Indian residents. Every Kazakhstani per year consumes about 1200 grams of tea.
  40. Kazakhstan is a very tolerant country and by these indicators it resembles our Tatarstan. Here Muslims, along with Orthodox Christians, paint eggs at Easter festivities, and Christians celebrate Jewish Navruz or Islamic holidays.
  41. The most famous lake on the territory of this state is, of course, the handsome Balkhash. Unlike most lakes scattered on our planet in its various corners, the waters of Balkhash in the east of the reservoir are salty. But the western part of Balkhash is freshwater, as befits a lake. The depths here are very modest, but the Balkhash area is huge. This makes the lake unique, because usually large lakes are always deep.
  42. If a person learns the Kazakh language, then in a short time he will master other Turkic languages, for example, Kyrgyz or Azerbaijani, because they are quite similar.
  43. The city of Nur-Sultan is often called the Masonic capital. Specialists in Masonic culture have long noticed that many buildings in the capital of Kazakhstan were built according to the canons of Freemasonry. In addition, the city has a lot of symbols associated with the ancient Masonic order.
  44. Since 2013, the police in this country have also turned into the police, and the policemen have become policemen.
  45. In the north and east of the country, they speak more Russian, but in the south and west, Kazakh is more often heard.
  46. Previously, Kazakhs used Latin letters, but now they have our thirty-three letters from the Glagolitic alphabet, plus nine of their own letters added to the Russian alphabet. In total, the Kazakh language is a Glagolitic alphabet, but consisting of 42 letters.
  47. When stopping a car, Kazakh police officers must strictly follow his instructions, otherwise a heavy fine will be imposed. For example, if you are forbidden to get out of the car, then this should be done.
  48. Aktau is a Kazakh city founded quite recently, in 1963. These places are known for their beautiful desert landscapes. In Kazakhstan, even the desert seems like a wonderful place. There is a picturesque Mangashlak plateau here. The soil here has undergone severe erosion and therefore tourists can admire the canyons and many mountain ranges scattered near the Caspian Sea.
  49. Lake Kaindy was formed over a hundred years ago after a strong earthquake. The tops of coniferous trees rise above the lake, which died, but did not fall into the water and received the proud nickname “Guardians”.
  50. UNESCO has included the steppes of Kazakhstan in the list of specially protected areas.

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