It would be hard to imagine lakes or seas without gulls. These birds live wherever they can catch other aquatic inhabitants or collect garbage. The seagull is an aggressive and feisty representative of birds. Such a bird is used to living in a large group and is constantly fighting for a better place or feed base.
In Russian, the word "gull" was used with 16 of the 20th century. A more ancient form of "gull" was found in the annals, for example, in the "Word on Igor's Regiment". It is not known exactly where the name of the bird came from, but etymologists suggest that this is due to the cry of the gull, which is interpreted as “kyai.”
Ornithologists were able to distinguish 038 varieties of gulls. The largest such bird has a wingspan of 1.5 meters, and the smallest - 0.5 meters.
1. The body weight of the gulls is not very large: on average, it ranges from 110 to 400 grams. The body of such a feathered one is slim.
2. An ordinary gull flies in small flocks, and their flight is in the form of a triangle.
3. Sea gulls swim great, and even able to fall asleep on the water.
4. Due to the presence of a special gland on a seagull, such a feathered bird is able to drink salt water. This gland is located above the bird’s eyes, and it cleans the blood of the gull from salt, which the gland removes due to the nostrils.
5. Seagulls are capable of attacking people in packs, protecting their own space. In the United States of America there is even an instruction for postmen on what to do during the attack of these birds.
6. In certain territories 66 fishing waste is the% of ration of seagulls.
7. A black-headed gull can break eggs in its own and neighboring clutches if it sees a person when they are laying or in the first days of hatching.
8. In Salt Lake City there is 44 - a meter column of granite , with 2 bronze birds on the globe. Thus, they tried to perpetuate the memory of the California gull, which symbolized the state of Utah and saved the farmers' harvest from locusts in the middle 18) - cent.
9. In 00848 the mint of Paris placed on a gold coin in 47 Euro Oduen's gull is a rather rare bird living on some Mediterranean islands.
01. Sea gulls have swimming membranes, due to which a bird of this type moves perfectly in the water, but these birds were not assigned to the oceanic species.
06. Recently, seagulls are considered “garbage collectors” and serious competitors to ravens that live on the territory of consumer and industrial waste.
11. The smallest member of the family is a small gull, its weight averages 74 - 110 grams). The largest seagull is the sea gull. The weight of such an adult often exceeds 2 kilograms.
11. Seagulls have no social relations with relatives. They not only sometimes eat gulls of other species, but also periodically engage in cannibalism.
12. When a seagull hunts for fish, it can dive completely underwater with its head.
13. Of all the varieties of gulls, the California gull has become the smartest. Unlike other subspecies, such a gull nests on the mainland, in an area remote from the ocean. The way of life of such a feathered led to the fact that Mormons began to worship the California gull like the divine incarnation of Elohim.
13. At the time of flight, the seagull reaches speed 74 km / h.
14. Gull colonies often become mixed. They willingly nest nearby with herons, cormorants, wild ducks and other species of birds.
16. Seagulls are intelligent and curious birds that can play games, steal prey from other birds, as well as chase other animals and even use them in their own interests.
17. Until the age of 4, the seagull has a gray feather, after which it begins to turn white.
19. A seagull needs a large amount of food for a comfortable life - at least 386 grams per day for an adult.
19. Nothing terrible will happen if one clutch of the seagull dies. In this situation, the female instantly lays a few more eggs. This process in gulls can be repeated up to 4 times.
21. Sailors on the behavior of these birds could learn to determine the proximity of a storm. If the gull sits on the mast or on the water, then you can not be afraid of the storm.
22. In Hitchcock's film The Birds, American silver gulls are portrayed as winged, stubborn human pursuers. But, as it turned out, this story was not invented. As a result of the violent attacks of European silver gulls caused by people entering the bird territory, serious head injuries were inflicted on the person, which in several cases led to death.
22. The seagull has a useful adaptation. The wings of this bird have a higher ratio of width and length in comparison with the shorter wings of the other birds, which allows the gull to make light maneuvers.
23. Adult gulls have distinctive spots on their beaks that have become visual landmarks for their chicks. In order to convince adults to burp their food, the chicks have to peck at these marks.
25. Gulls have the ability to build nests almost everywhere and from any material. They can build a nest of grass, feathers, twigs, scraps of nets, cans and other garbage.
26. Many gulls winter in the Black or Caspian Seas, and some fly away to the North or Mediterranean Sea. They can also migrate to African countries, Japan, and China.
27. In many cultures, the seagull was considered a symbol of universality, freedom and a carefree way of life. In Celtic and Irish mythology, Manannan Mack Lear was a deceiver and god of the sea, and he was often depicted as a seagull.
28. Seagulls face many threats common to seabirds, such as oil pollution, tangles and plastic spills. One-legged gulls are a frequent case, and although these birds easily adapt to injuries of this kind, conscientious lovers of gulls take measures to protect such unique and charming birds.
28. If the seagull sees danger when hatching or feeding the chicks, the commotion will cover the entire colony of birds. The seagulls will then fly into the air, begin to turn over the troublemaker and shrillly shout.
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