For the terrace to really become a place of relaxation, not only a beautiful view from it is important, but also the landscaping of the terrace itself. Experts will tell you which plants are suitable for this and what should be taken into account when arranging the terrace.
How to make a floor on a terrace
The floor covering on the terrace, closed or open (with or without a roof) must first of all be durable and waterproof. The deck floor should be able to easily support the heavy weight of flower pots and plant boxes, as well as furniture and other heavy decor items that you decide to place in this area.
Ideally, the floor should be made slightly sloped so that rainwater can drain into a gutter at the edge of the terrace. Also, when arranging the terrace, it is worth considering connecting to a water source and a system for watering potted plants.
How to choose plants for the terrace
Plants for the terrace should be chosen based on two main factors:
- they will be mostly in the shade or in the sun;
- whether they will winter on the terrace, or you can keep them warm in the cold season.
In any case, plants for the terrace can only be planted in containers with a drain hole – otherwise, with heavy and prolonged rain, excess water can lead to waterlogging of the soil. And vice versa – in hot and dry weather, plants in pots are more susceptible to drying out than in open ground, here an automatic watering system will help you out.
If your country house is not constantly heated in winter or there is no way to move pots and boxes of plants to heat, choose only those that easily tolerate frost, cover them for the winter with special materials like reed insulation and bubble wrap, or plant such plants in open ground around terraces – covered with snow, they will winter better.
Terrace design: 10 ornamental plants
A variety of plants on the terrace is the key to the beauty of your personal oasis. Properly placed plants – tall, low, spreading or compact – will create a unique living picture. Landscape design favorites in recent years are ornamental grasses, shrubs and small potted trees.
Here are ten of the most suitable plants for a terrace.
- Thuja can be perfectly used as a hedge if there is a need to protect the terrace from prying eyes or from the wind. Also, thuja will create the necessary shade for other plants and protect it from drying out on a hot day. If possible, it is better to plant thuja in open ground, so it will be more comfortable for her to winter. Otherwise, a thuja pot will need at least 40 cm in diameter and 100 cm in height.
- The cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus can withstand only short-term frosts, so it will be necessary to provide for its warm wintering. Cactus will be saved from rain by drainage from expanded clay or coarse gravel, on top of which the soil is located.
- Sedum. There are about 400 species of this plant and it can reach a height of up to 70 cm, although there are carpet-like varieties that are especially well suited for roof terraces. The plant tolerates dry periods well and does not require active watering.
- Ivy. This experienced and unpretentious “alpinist” is easy to start in the right direction. Provide him with support, and the ivy will hide the terrace and protect from the wind. Green all year round, ivy tolerates both direct sun and wintering well, but it is better to cover it with protective materials for the winter. Ivy is unpretentious in care, but requires pruning, as it grows quickly.
- Bamboo is a great candidate for creating a secluded and wind-sheltered area on your deck. Its height reaches 2.2 m, the plant will need a capacious pot with bamboo soil and regular fertilizer. By the way, the bamboo variety Fargesia rufa can withstand temperatures down to -26°C.
- Sage loves the sun, warmth and easily permeable soil with a low nutrient content. It does not cope very well with high humidity and frost, so it is better to transfer the sage pot to heat for the winter.
- Rosemary. Like sage, it is quite hardy, but it is still recommended to provide it with thermal insulation. Rosemary came to us from the Mediterranean, so it is used to the sun and milder temperatures, does not tolerate too much watering, but does not need particularly fertile soil. Too much fertilization can even lead to mold growth.
- Boxwood. This evergreen plant will fit perfectly into the design of any terrace, and can act both as a hedge and as a single plant. Boxwood is unpretentious in location, but it is better not to expose it to too active sun. Boxwood is accustomed to the cold, but we recommend laying an insulating layer of jute or similar material in the pot. In early spring, keep in mind that boxwood leaves tend to dry out when exposed to bright sunlight.
- Lavender or gypsophila – shrub plants of “strong” varieties – are perfect for arranging a terrace, as they tolerate both heat and cold well.
- Ornamental grasses really refresh the look of the terrace. Fountain grass, sedge or fescue are very easy to care for and do not require fertilization and abundant watering. In addition, slugs and other pests avoid ornamental grasses.
Try to create a summer terrace with your own hands and plan a green corner for relaxation. Minutes in it will bring real joy, and well-chosen plants will not take much effort to care for them.